Hormonal contraceptives are highly efficient. With the right choice and regular control of the reception time, these tools are absolutely safe for the female body
Many women have a question how to choose contraceptive pills. You can prevent pregnancy in other ways, but hormonal contraceptives (GP) have many advantages. They are reliable, easy to use and safe for women. But the interrupted sexual intercourse and condoms are less effective, although more popular.
GP guarantee that at any time a pregnancy test will show one strip (in 98-99% of cases). Naturally, such a degree of protection is possible only subject to the main recommendations for the use of drugs.
Is there a test with which you can understand how to choose contraceptive pills? Yes, it is easy to decide on the appropriate drug, understanding how contraceptives on hormones.
Basic principle – Substitution in the female organism of artificial analogues of the genital hormones of progesterone and estrogen. Gemini brothers are needed in order to form a specific hormonal background similar to pregnancy. During the battery, the egg in the female body does not ripen, as ovulation does not occur.
The same effect occurs and when taking birth control tablets, which make mucus in the vagina thick and viscous, preventing spermatozoa in the uterus. Hormones affect the uterus, changing the structure of its inner layer.
Reception of hormonal contraceptives leads to the impossibility of pregnancy. Thus, with regular use, they are extremely effective.
Disadvantages: Myths or Reality?
Not knowing how to choose contraceptive pills, many refuse to use this method of protection.
In addition, there are no opinions not in favor of GP. Recently it was believed that hormonal remedies have a negative impact on the body. Indeed, the first artificial hormones gave side effects due to the huge content of the synthetic substance. Nowadays, their number is reduced to the required minimum.
Instead of hormonal contraceptives, girls are often solved to put a spiral. This method of protection is more convenient for doctors, because it disappears the need to consider in the details the features of the action of various drugs and recommend the patients with a barrier tool taking into account individual characteristics.
Doctor takes not only to tell what the tablets are different and what side effects are possible, but also take into account the results of the tests, to trace whether the recommended drug is suitable in a certain case. But no need to overestimate the complexity of choice. A table that helps identify a female phenotype is quite simple. It helps to attribute the patient to one of three types: estrogen, progesterone or intermediate – balanced.
Even without any special knowledge, answering the questions specified in the table, can be quite accurately determined to which category do you feel and correctly choose contraceptive pills.
There are ladies that stop the need to visit the gynecologist.
Indeed, the doctor’s advice cannot be avoided, because the examination before appointing the contraceptive will contain the following elements:
- inspection on the gynecological chair;
- analyzes on the level of hormones in the body;
- Conducting blood test for sugar and coagulation.
Only passing all these procedures (a kind of endurance test), it will be possible to get a final answer to the question of which choose contraceptive pills and how to apply them correctly.
Varieties of hormonal drugs
Several types of hormone-based contraception can be distinguished:
- Oral (OK) is tablets or pills;
- Parenteral – means act on the intestinal bypass (injections, implants, plasters, vaginal rings, intrauterine spirals containing hormones).
Oral contraceptives enjoy the greatest popularity. If you adhere to the instructions and take pills on time, the pregnancy does not occur. The main side effects that may occur when using them – the failures of the female menstrual cycle and some reduction of sexual attraction.
In the group of oral contraceptives allocate:
- Combined preparations (COC) – contain analogues and estrogen, and progesterone;
- Gestagents (mini-drank) – in its composition only one artificial analogue – progesterone.
Depending on how the result of the tests, the gynecologist can prescribe either monophazic drugs (with the same hormone content for a month), or two-, three-phase (suitable girls who are important to align hormonal background during different phases of the cycle).
Analyze the situation independently without special knowledge is very difficult. Therefore, on the question of how to choose contraceptive pills, only an experienced gynecologist will be able to answer.
Features of the use of Kok
Among the combined oral contraceptives with the same amount of progesterone distinguish means with different content of synthetic estrogen. To prevent pregnancy, the level of progesterone in the body is more important.
What a means to choose – microstrosted (with a small estrogen content), low-volume or highly populated (with the highest dose of estrogen)? It all depends on the individual features: age and test results.
Microhodosis can be limited to girls who have not yet been gone, and those who are more than 35 years old.
If a woman has children or a side effect when using a drug with a micro-estrogen (for example, bleeding), low-volume funds are prescribed. In this case, a pleasant side cosmetic effect occurs. Reviews of this group COC Most Positive. The large content of estrogen in the contraceptive can cure serious violations of the hormonal background. These pills can be appointed only by a doctor and be taken with great care.
Who are suitable mini?
Unlike Kok, mini saws contain a small dose of artificial analogue of progesterone. This method of protection is suitable, for example, nursing mothers, as well as those who are contraindicated to raise estrogen levels in the body.
These drugs are somewhat less effective than a combined group. Making a choice in favor of mini-drank, you need to touch the tablet reception scheme.
It happens that sexual intercourse occurred without the use of protective equipment. Postinor is a rescue preparation, peculiar «Fireman» Tablet with a drum dose of progesterone. It is taken within two days after unprotected sex, and then another exactly 12 hours after the first.
Due to the high level of progesterone there is a reduction in the uterine pipes, the endometrium undergoes changes, and the fertilized egg does not have a chance to attach. The tool has many side effects, so it is used only in extreme cases.
In contrast to OK, parenteral contraceptive drugs fall into the organism at all in large quantities, and then slowly absorbed into blood. Such contraceptives recommend using giving birth to women who do not plan a pregnancy soon.
The convenience of the method is that you do not have to control the time of reception of GP daily. Subcutaneous implants, injection preparations, spirals with the addition of synthetic hormones, contraceptive plasters and vaginal rings – all these funds are highly effective, but have a number of advantages and minuses that the gynecologist will tell you in detail during consultation.
The choice of hormonal contraceptives is wide, so you can stay on the method of pregnancy protection, which is suitable for you.
You can not experiment on your body, so it is important to apply for advice to the doctor before going to the pharmacy for the drug.