Now embroidery is not in fashion. But this occupation not only helps to create cute baubles, but also calms the nerves. We study the technique Openwork embroidery with a circuit in the picture
Arachna, the daughter of the dyeingman of the iDMon, who learned from the Goddess Minerva with the art of weaving and embroidery, surpassed his mentor. Gods do not tolerate when mortals exceed them in something and punish people. Minerva turned Arachna to spider, and since then the beautiful embroidery of a web. But the art of creating wonderful things decorated with exquisite embroidered motifs has become available to people.
The art of embroidery on fabric, skin and felt is known for a long time. During the long time, masters have developed many techniques, techniques and drawings. One of their species – Openwork embroidery. Technique is to create a drawing with through holes.
Openwork embroidery technique also has a separation of execution techniques:
- Accounting technique. The technique is based on the counting of the amount of threads. Usually performed on linen weave tissues, which facilitate account execution. In the openwork counting sewing the craftsman works on the fabric sites with pre-extended duck threads and bases. The drawing is compiled from geometric motifs;
- Illegal slit technique. In the ironing technology circuit Figure free, curvilinear. Embroidery in such a technique can be performed on tissue not only linen, but also a sarrant or satin interlacing, as well as on nonwoven materials: knitwear, felt, felt, skin. Figure, performed by stroke, is complemented by carved in drawing parts, through, or filled with a grid.
Counting Systay technique
An example of counting equipment is a cross-known embroidery. If you pull out a piece of the strands of the web, then in the resulting extended areas you can embroider, forming a pattern by various pointing filaments of the foundation in a certain rhythm. One of the oldest types of sewing «by red» is Merezhka. For the formation of the measurement pattern on the canvas, only clarified threads.
A more complex view of the openwork counting equipment is called a strain or downtile embroidery. To create it in a certain order, the filaments of the foundations, and the filament of the duck are turned out. The remaining threads of the canvas are rotting the mesh. Embroidery is made by the resulting grid.
In Europe, one of the technician counting openwork sewing along the extended threads is Hardanger.
Embroidery style wears the name of the Norwegian fjord. This traditional technique for the Scandinavian countries used to decorate clothing and household items. The source of this style is Persia. In Europe, Hardanger became known since the XVII century.
Russian centers of straight sewing were the northern provinces. In different areas of the wizard, the embroiders produced their patterns and mesh filling in the pattern. So, they distinguish the Yaroslavl, Vedanovskaya, the cross.
Crescent embroidery volume
It uses a thicker cloth, a large-scale mesh is drawn up with surveillance – up to 5 cm. For the cross-style characteristic patterns in the form of stars, snowflakes. The main difference between the crossing line is the presence of a synchronous stitches that complement the base mesh with straight and diagonal lines. Sensum Stitches of the Cross Stitch, made by large grid cells, are called a guipure.
There is another kind of needlework, resembling a crushing line on the grid – needle lace. Italian Retichell is done on the grid and a hassle, created by tensioning the filament of the base.
Hedlebo needle lace technique, common in Sweden and Denmark, reminds Hardanger, but the work is carried out not by left when pulling the threads, but according to the motive stretched inside.
Therefore, the composition is composed not only of geometric shapes located parallel to the threads of the canvas, and may have a complex curvilinear form.
File embroidery and other techniques
Sewing on the grid is also called the fillet embroidery. File embroidery technique can be migrated by crochet. Crochet knitted from thin threads, for example, coil, fillet napkin can almost not differ from the embroidered.
Vedder’s products are very thin and openwork. Sewing is performed on a thin linen leather or batistu with the formation of mesh cells less than 4 mm. For a small Tver line, the mesh cells fill «Shop» «Palwing», «Floor», and other types of seams.
There is an openwork machine embroidery in lower case. It is industrial manufacture lace, tulle.
Rubber embroidery stitch
Embroidery with a slit glady can be performed in English sewing techniques or Richelieu.
Richelieu and English sewing resemble Venetian needle lace. Most often, the work is performed by white threads on a white napkin. But it is quite possible to use colored filaments or tissues.
Openwork embroidery, where looped seams are used for circuit processing, called Richelieu. It is said that Cardinal Richelieu very much loved products with such an embroidery, and he himself was a very skilled embroidery in this technique, so it was called it.
Probably this fact is not historical, because the openwork sewing in such a manner existed before – it originated in the XIV century.
Figure contours are pre-processed by stitches «Ahead needle» For amplification. Usually 2-3 rows of seams are close to each other. Then on top of the looping seams. Parts of the pattern that must be through, carefully cut out. If the area of the cut element is significant, then it is filled with jumpers – bridards. Openwork Embroidery Richelieu used to decorate clothes, table and bed linen.
There is another kind of openwork embroidery, similar to Richelieu, as it is called – English sewing.
But the elements are embroidered with a stall roller with a flooring. The flooring is performed by small stitches. The volume of the embroidered element is needed, the thicker uses threads for the flooring. Student seams are performed perpendicular to the seam of flooring. Large carved parts of the pattern are also filled with jumpers, but they are thinner than in the Richelieu, because they are made not with looped stitches, but a thread with whining.
For greater elegance of the drawing on the jumpers are made «peak» and «Spheres». Another difference from Richelieu – Stitches Strojits can be located at an angle to the contour of the pattern and have a different length, reinforcing decorative effect.
In the works performed in the technique of Richelieu, all stitches have the same size. Therefore, the openwork embroidery with a circulated circuit pattern can be performed not only manually, but also on an ordinary sewing machine having a line «zigzag».
All kinds of openwork embroidery look good on napkins, tablecloths, and other products. Clothes decorated with skidding will always be one of the fashion trends.
Of course, now the art of decoration of fabrics with elegant drawings, made with the help of threads and needles, is largely lost.
But lovers of this type of needlework also create articles of decorative and applied arts worthy of former craftsman-embroidery.