Beading is an unusual view of creativity, with which you can create original products. For their creation of needlewoman use several weaving techniques with beads
Beadwork belongs to the number of most fascinating folk arts, which has a centuries-old history of existence. From the beads weave all sorts of decorations, accessories, they decorate clothes and embroider paintings.
This decorative element is present not only on the clothes of modern fashionnits, but also on products of famous couturiers. If you want to determine or embroider beads, everyone can learn to learn every girl or a woman, for this just need to master the basic techniques of this art.
History of beadwork
Beadwork arose for a long time, his story has almost 6 thousand years. This art appeared for the first time in ancient Egypt, and the material used in the process of such creative activity was called «Busra», Translated from the Arabic language this term means «Fake pearls».
Initially, weaving beaded was a rather complicated occupation: it was necessary to pull the thread from the glass mass and crush the copper rod. After that, the rod was removed, and each bead needed to handle manually.
At that time, beads were simple, colorless and opaque, and only over time, when there were already techniques for making material for creativity, people were able to make beads translucent, transparent and color.
The history of beadwork is also associated with ancient Rome, there beads received a method of blowing glass from a metal tube. With the Roman Empire, this fascinating occupation has spread to the territory of Italy, Spain, Greece, France, Germany and Venice.
It was Venice since the XIII century that becomes the capital of manufacturing beads for beading, because at that time a glass skill was well developed. Soon, the Competition of Venice was the Czech Republic, then known as Bohemia, where they produced glass of the highest quality and purity.
Thanks to this achievement of glass skills in the Czech Republic from glass and crystal began to produce color bohemian beads and glass.
The technology of manufacturing material was guarded so carefully that until 1704 there was not a single book in which the secrets of this skill would be described. The book, which only now saw the whole world, is now stored in the UK Museum.
At the beginning of the XIX century, cars intended for the production of material were invented, but, unfortunately, such an innovation was not only reduced the cost of beads, but it affected their quality.
In ancient Russia, the glasswoman, the German and Venetian beads, the Slavs themselves actively began to engage in this activity after the XVI century themselves. During the reign of Peter I, the famous stalemaker masters from other states were invited to Russia.
In addition, young people went to Italy to teach the rules for creating a material for creativity and beads.
In Ust-Rudice in 1753 with the participation of m. WITH. Lomonosov was built the first factory for the production of stained glass and beads. A few years later, the factory began to actively engage in the production of beads, glass flaring, glasses for mosaic.
Since that time, the range of various beads, such decorative elements were decorated with such decorative elements, not only wardrobe items, but also icons and upholstery for furniture. Pictures, panels, various decorations, accessories – handbags, bookmarks for books, umbrella covers, diverse bodies.
How to start weave the beads?
Deciding to engage in such creativity, like beading, you should be patient, preferably and desire to study. Be sure to work, you need to purchase the necessary materials and choose schemes for weaving. Experienced needlewomen recommend starting from the simplest schemes because this occupation is not so easy as many may seem.
Beginners Better to choose the simplest technique – nodule weaving. It is usually used for weaving beads or bracelets, and it is that after each rolled bead or beads, a node is tied.
It does not allow beads to be leaving, because such a problem often occurs from novice needlewomen. In addition, the technique of nodule weaving gives the product of flexibility and does not give beads to knock on each other.
The most popular way of beaded needlework is a pribration. It is used in the process of creating a variety of products – jewelry, household items, accessories, with decorative clothing. For nose, it is best to choose small beads or large beads, since such a material should be drawn on thick linen or cotton threads.
To learn to weave, you can watch training videos provided by experienced masters. Many of them prefer not handmade, but weaving on special machines. Using such a machine for beading, you can speed up the process of creating products, however, manual weaving brings much more pleasure from creative activity.
Basic beadwork techniques
We are not so difficult to master the foundations of this type of creativity, because there are all sorts of techniques, where the beadwork is presented for beginners, accompanied by photos and video. Currently, the needlewomen has developed many methods, techniques and methods of beadwork.
Often experienced masters in the process of manufacturing beads in the technique used, their individual elements contribute. We often apply such weaving techniques:
- Mosaic technique;
- Needle weaving;
- French technique;
- «Loeting on the wire»;
- «Wire harness»;
- «Temporary fixing wire».
Many craftsmen when creating jewelry and accessories use mosaic technique of weaving, which still has many varieties. For example, with an odd or even number of beads, double and triple technique, circular or cylindrical weaving.
This technique allows you to get a perfectly smooth bead surface that can be used as the basis for creating almost any products. Ready thing resembles a wall of small bricks. When choosing this mosaic technology, weaving can be used chopped and round beads, fiberglass.
Needle weaving involves the use of the thread, the ends of which are inserted into two needles. Then the ends of the thread are reduced so that in the end they went through the beads and come out in the opposite direction to each other.
Instead of a thread or fishing line – the traditional elements needed when creating a wire of amazing art, wire can be used. With such technics as «Loeting on the wire» or «Wire harness», Wire wire for beading.
This method is used mainly to create original compositions that are so popular when interior design. This method also allows you to create beautiful toys for children.
Wire is used and when choosing French beadwork techniques, when the material is rolling at it in a circle. In order not to lose the beads, at one end, the wire makes a loop, and on the other end, the desired amount of the material is notified, which is indicated in the scheme.
French technician known as arc weaving, because to create the parts of the wire, it is necessary to bend in the right direction. As a rule, it is used to create colors and leaves, which are composite components of floral compositions, such elements look bulk and openwork.
French beadwork is one of the most complex ways of weaving with wire. It is important that the beads and beads are tight to each other, they should not move through the wire, because the product will be inaccier and ugly.
Women who can and love to knit with crochet or needles will like knitting with beads. In knitted products, such decorative elements become part of the canvas, giving clothes of originality and festive.
Beaded can and embroider, having risen it on the thread. In the embroidery, it is perfectly combined with other materials – beads, rhinestones, sparkles, braid and colored threads.
Engage in such a kind of needlework, you can have a pleasant time and create original products for yourself or your loved ones!