What is hp? WGV-carrier woman: how is pregnancy planned? Treatment of HSV during pregnancy. Conducting birth at HSV. CMV and HSV carrier: hazards for the fetus. HDV 1 and 2 types
HPV is the abbreviated name of a simple herpes virus – an extremely common infection that is worth noting, rarely causes complications, but quite dangerous for women during pregnancy. HPV, penetrating the fetus intrauterine or during childbirth, may be a negative impact on it.
HDV 1 and 2 types: how to manifest during pregnancy
- The first type is usually manifested in the form of painful rash having kind of bubbles. Most often the latter are localized on the lips. Infection in the overwhelming majority occurs in children’s / adolescence, while contacting with saliva infected, for example, with a kiss, joint use of dishes;
- The second type more often provokes painful rashes on genitals. It is also called sex or genital. Infection is happening only when sex contact. It is worth noting that this infection is one of the most common among venereal.
Both types are a threat to the future kid, but the second is more dangerous, as it causes severe complications three times more often than the first.
HSV: What is dangerous during pregnancy?
The infection can provoke the development of a variety of different diseases, in the early deadlines lead to miscarriage, froining pregnancy. With intrauterine infection, a child may have complications such as skin rashes during the newborn period, damage to the viewing system, underdevelopment of the brain, mental delay and physical development.
When the virus is transferred from the mother to the child during childbirth, such complications are possible as encephalitis, eye damage, rash on the skin and mucosa of the oral cavity, disseminated herpetic infection, leading to death in 80% of cases.
If a woman carrier VVV: diagnosis when planning pregnancy
Woman, if desired, can hand over the appropriate analyzes at the stage of planning the kid.
As a rule, the Herpes analysis includes instanding surveysTorch infections: the four most dangerous during the toaling, this number includes cytomegalovirus, rubella, toxoplasmosis and herpes. Having learned in advance whether the woman has immunity to listed diseases, the doctor will be able to give recommendations that will help protect the future child from infection and serious consequences. Analysis for the presence of a virus is recommended to pass and the father of the future child.
The diagnostic process includes an analysis of antibodies to the first and second HSV. Expanding results should only be engaged in a specialist, but we will give some tips.
If the result for the presence of IGH IGM antibodies is negative – a woman is healthy, there is no virus in its body. There are no reasons for concerns, but it is necessary to perform prevention measures to become infected while tooling the baby.
If the result for the presence of IgG is positive, and on IGM negative – the body has a virus, but there is immunity. Woman can plan pregnancy. The risk of infection of the kid inside the womb or in the process of childbirth is negligible – about 3%.
If the result for the presence of IgG is negative, and IGM is positive – it suggests that the infection occurred quite recently, there is no resistant immunity in the body. It is recommended to postpone pregnancy for a while, consult with infectious. May need antiviral treatment.
If the result for the IGM IGM is positive – here are possible two options: the infection occurred quite recently either for a long time, but at the moment the virus has activated. Pregnancy better postpone. An infectious examination and antiviral treatment is recommended.
INFECTION WSP directly during pregnancy
Herpes lips (first type) usually does not cause complications for the future kid. The risk is even more declining if the rashes appear not for the first time, that is, episodes happened before conception. This means that the woman already has immunity to this type of disease and the chance of its penetration to the baby is very low.
If the first episode of the disease fell for the period of gestation, the risk for the baby increases.
The future mother needs to contact Rvachch and pass the blood test for the presence of antibodies to HPV. Also a pregnancy gynecologist can prescribe repeated ultrasound.
Herpes sex virus is manifested by bubbles in the crotch area, germ lips, mucous membranes of the cervix and vagina, soreness during sex and when urination, increase temperature, change in vaginal selection, headaches. As a rule, such is caused by the second type of virus, which is more dangerous.
If the listed symptoms appear, you need to visit the doctor as soon as possible and pass the tests to clarify the presence of risk for the future child.
Positive WSV: primary infection during pregnancy
The risk of transmission largely depends on the term when infected occurred. For example, when a woman was on a period of up to 20 weeks, the probability of transmission of infection is very low, but if it all happens, then the consequences will be the hardest, including frossable pregnancy and miscarriage.
If the infection occurred on the third trimester, then the threat to the child is extremely large, since the HSV on this period is transmitted almost half of the cases.
Baby infection can occur intrauterine, in the process of a delivery and even after such. In almost 90% of the case, the infection is transmitted to a child during childbirth, if a woman has rashes in the genital zone at this moment.
What to do if herpes manifested during pregnancy?
First of all, you need to visit the doctor to confirm the diagnosis. If a woman has not previously handed over tests on antibodies to herpes, they will certainly need to pass.
The results will allow you to identify immunity to the virus and assess the degree of risk of transferring herpes to the baby. If analyzes have previously surrendered, the doctor will once again appreciate their results and determine whether there is a need for additional research or the risk for the baby is quite low.
Therapy for the treatment of simple herpes during the tooling is carried out by such antiviral means as «Acyclovir» and «Valacyclovir». Of course, risks for the fetus are estimated, including those that may arise in the absence of treatment. Dosage and duration of application are prescribed individually.
How are childbirth, if there is a herpetic infection
Great hazard represents genital herpes with primary infection before childbirth or when activated at this point. You can reduce the threat with the help of prevention measures, for example, the above-mentioned drugs that begin to take from 36 weeks and up to the birth themselves. Punishments on the genital organs increase the risk of transmission of HSV, the question of the cesarean section rises.
Pregnancy Pregnancy Pregnancy
If the planned analyzes have shown that there is no immunity to herpes, it is necessary to comply with some rules to avoid infection during pregnancy.
- Do not share food and drinks with others;
- Do not dope and do not touch others;
- Use separate dishes. This is especially important if symptoms are scattered from someone from family members;
- Avoid contacts with people having characteristic symptoms: do not kiss, do not use the common dishes and t. NS.;
- If a husband has this disease, or the virus has activated, it is better to abandon sex for all 9 months of tooling or use condoms. Especially important this rule is in the presence of genital rashes;
- Refuse oral sex if you have rashes on the lips.
If a woman is a carrier WSV and CMV, what to do during pregnancy
CMV is a cytomegalovirus infection. Her recesses like herpes virus. Its useful to note,
If a woman is a carrier at once of these infections, then with the exacerbation of one of them, the second is activated. The aforementioned study on Torch infection will allow you to determine whether the CMW is in the body, what is immunity. Results of analyzes give doctors the opportunity to assess risks for the fetus. If the woman is a CMV carrier, it means that there are antibodies in its body, respectively, the concentration of blood virus is significantly lower.
It is a very important indicator, since the chance of its transfer to the child directly depends on the number of CMW in the blood.
Subject to all rules and recommendations and pregnancy and childbirth will be successful. take care of yourself!