Infections dangerous to pregnant women. Infection of the ureters. Rotavirus. Poisoning. Torch infection. Cytomegalovirus in pregnancy
During the period of gestation, any negative changes in the body play a role. Especially dangerous Infections during pregnancy. Some of them are easily treatable, but others pose a serious danger to the future of the baby.
Common cold or runny nose do not leaveConsequences for the child, and, for example, chicken pox and rubella, women already have immunity. In addition, the probability of infection with other viruses is quite low. To protect yourself, it is better to avoid contact with possible patients, as well as closely monitor your own well-being.
What infections are dangerous for a woman and a child during pregnancy?
The list of the most dangerous includes: chicken pox, erythema, rubella, group B streptococcus, HIV / AIDS, group B hepatitis, genital herpes, candidiasis, listeriosis, toxoplasmosis and urinary tract infections.
The danger of these pathologies is that any symptomatology may be completely absent or be weakly expressed, but the causative agent of the disease will adversely affect the baby.
Urinary tract infection in pregnancy
This pathology is quite a serious condition,Requiring adequate and immediate treatment. If you do not start therapy on time, the bacteria can climb up the ureters and reach the kidneys. Often they provoke cystitis - inflammation of the bladder. On pregnancy, this phenomenon affects negatively: probably the birth of a premature baby or premature delivery.
When the child is pregnant with infectionHelps relax the muscles of the ureters, slow passage of urine, increase in the uterus. As a result, a favorable environment for the development of pathogenic microorganisms is created.
Rotavirus infection in pregnancy
This disease is better known as intestinal flu. The virus is transmitted through poorly processed foods, dirty hands, from a sick person, that is, by contact-household means.
There is no great danger of rotavirus, soAs it affects only the intestines of the future mother, but dehydration, which may entail, will have a negative impact on the baby. Due to lack of water, oxygen starvation can occur, which in turn leads to miscarriage or premature birth.
The main symptoms of intestinal flu are: Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever. Signs of defeat are stopped by rehydration solutions, antipyretic, absorbing substances, enzyme preparations, lactobacilli. In severe cases, antibiotics are used. It is also necessary to follow a diet that eliminates foods that irritate the intestines.
Intestinal infection affected by pregnancy
Poorly processed food leads to discomfort,Loss of appetite, pain in the abdomen, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea. These are all symptoms of an intestinal infection. In severe situations, the temperature rises, blood pressure decreases, there is a headache, dizziness and even fainting.
When pregnancy intestinal infection causesdehydration. As in the case of rotavirus, the lack of water adversely affects the condition of the fetus. In addition, the coagulability of the blood increases, which is fraught with the formation of thrombi. As the volume of circulating blood decreases, the level of oxytocin rises - a signal about the onset of labor is received.
Symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting provokeLack of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. In ordinary poisoning, only a woman suffers, but in severe cases, for example, poisoning with mushrooms, the poison penetrates even through the barriers of the placenta.
At home, take the same measures as with rotavirus infection. However, when complications are observed, signs of intoxication do not pass, hospitalization is necessary.
Torch infection found during pregnancy
Infections of this group: Toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes, hepatitis B. If a woman has already had these ailments, then her body will have antibodies to them. During the gestation of a child, a primary threat is a primary threat. In this case, the microbes that circulate in the blood can reach the baby in the womb.
At the stage of pregnancy planning or already onEarly tests are performed to find out if there was an infection or not. If no antibodies are found in the blood, the doctor can recommend preventive measures, for example, a rubella vaccination. In addition, monitoring is constantly conducted in order not to miss the moment of infection.
Toxoplasmosis, as one of the worst infections, duringPregnancy leads to miscarriage or stillbirth, hydrocephalus and other defeats of the fetal brain, visual defects and other systems and organs. When a disease is detected, antibiotic treatment is prescribed.
The danger of rubella infection is manifested inDeafness, cataract, heart disorders, microcephaly, developmental delay, damage to the lungs, liver, brain and bones. The earlier the fetus was infected, the higher the probability of congenital pathologies.
Herpes, like the above infections, canLead to miscarriage, micro- or hydrocephalus, slowing the development of the baby. Basically, for the treatment of herpes, aciclovir is prescribed, which is safe during pregnancy. In this situation, the question arises of choosing the method of delivery.
As for hepatitis B, the baby canThere are problems with the liver. Immediately after birth, he will be vaccinated, after which the mother can begin breastfeeding. Women themselves can be carriers of a virus that does not manifest itself. The acute form of the disease manifests itself in the form of yellowness of the proteins of the eyes and skin, pain in the abdomen and loss of appetite may appear.
Cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancyTransmitted by sexual, contact and airborne droplets. It is also possible to transfer it from mother to fetus through the placenta. Once infected with this disease is no longer getting rid of, you can only reduce the intensity of exacerbations. It is the latter that pose a great danger to the child.
The virus easily penetrates the placenta, ifThere are no antibodies, that is, during the primary infection. Infection of the baby occurs in the greater half of the cases. Female carriers already have antibodies, so infection of the fetus occurs very rarely.
The risk of miscarriage is high in early pregnancyOr abnormalities of child development. In later terms, there is often polyhydramnios, premature births occur, as well as congenital cytomegaly.
To determine the presence of hidden infections, specialized studies help:
- Routine management of pregnancy involves regular surrender of urine and blood to tests;
- If a venereal disease is suspected, the doctor takes swabs from the cervix and vagina;
- Ultrasound is used to determine the degree of impairment in the fetus;
- CTG allows Listen to the baby's heartbeat, Evaluate its rhythm and frequency;
- If there are serious suspicions of infection of the child, then an appointment is made for the analysis of cord blood or amniotic fluid.
The likelihood of the baby's destruction depends largely onTimely diagnosis, adequacy of treatment, gestational age. Some pathogens are dangerous in the first trimester, others - in the latter, some represent a threat during the bearing of the child, and some - directly during childbirth or after.
Take care of yourself, take care of your health and the health of your future baby. Calm your pregnancy and light birth!