Every pregnant woman is worried about the health of her baby, and when she hears the diagnosis of "suspended matter in the amniotic fluid" it covers a state of panic. What is it and why does it appear?
Nine months of pregnancy, despiteToxicosis, mood swings and low back pain, are one of the most beautiful and unforgettable periods in the life of any woman. Future moms are always very worried about the health of their baby and look forward to every reception in the office of ultrasound to make sure that the baby is all right and at least through the computer monitor look at it.
Absolutely all mummies try to penetrate into that,What the doctor says and try to understand the meaning of all these terms. Some women during the examination, in addition to the basic parameters of the baby, hear that a suspension is found in the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby. What is a suspended matter in the amniotic fluid, what are the causes of its appearance and is it dangerous for the fetus?
What should amniotic fluid be?
As amniotic fluid is known, or as it is called by doctors, amniotic fluid is a fluid medium that surrounds the unborn child inside the fetal membrane.
The amniotic fluid participates in the metabolismKid, protects him from infection, creating a sterile habitat, protects from the impact of the environment. Normally, it has no color, i.e. Is absolutely transparent, but in some periods of pregnancy it can become yellowish.
If the amniotic fluid acquired a pinkishOr even bloody color - this is a very dangerous sign and may indicate that abruption of the placenta has begun. In this case, the pregnant woman is urgently placed in the department of pathology, an ultrasound examination is performed, which helps determine the degree of placental abruption.
A slurry in the water: what is it?
Sometimes, under the influence of certain factorsThe amniotic fluid becomes turbid, and impurities appear in it. The suspension found in the amniotic fluid is the product of the vital activity of the fetus dissolved in it.
The so-called echoesbill may consist ofPulmonary hair, depleted epithelium, and also particles of a damp grease, it is called finely dispersed. Such impurities in the amniotic fluid most often appear at the gestation period of 32-34 weeks and do not have a significant effect on fetal development.
If appears in the amniotic fluidFinely dispersed suspension at earlier times, this may indicate the presence of intrauterine infection or be a consequence of the infectious disease of the pregnant woman herself.
In this situation, the baby can be born withPneumonia, conjunctivitis or skin rashes. Therefore, with the slightest suspicion of an infection, tests are performed to identify it and make a diagnosis, followed by a mandatory course of treatment.
In some cases, the appearance of suspended matter in the amniotic fluid is due to increased protein concentration. This is considered a normal phenomenon, a kind of individual "Constitution"A pregnant woman.
In addition, the suspension in the amniotic fluid can be represented by particles of the original feces - meconium. The impurity of this "Component"Is found in 10% of parturient women, whose delivery occurred in the due time, in 40% of women"Of the"Pregnancy.
Methods of detection and treatment
In order to determine whether there is a suspension inAmniotic fluid and how much it influenced their transparency is diagnosed, and different methods can be used, namely:
- Ultrasound is the most safe and painless method;
- Amnioscopy - assessment of the condition of amniotic fluidWater is produced with the help of a special device inserted into the cervix. This type of examination is often prescribed to determine the presence of oxygen deficiency of the fetus due to a delayed pregnancy;
- Amniocentesis - puncture of the bladder more often through the abdominalWall of the mother. This technique is used in the second trimester of pregnancy and in addition to the presence of echoes in the amniotic fluid, it is possible to determine what the chromosome set of the fetus is.
In the event that the results of one of the aboveOf the studies listed above, there is a conclusion that there is a hyperechoic suspension in the amniotic fluid, no treatment is required. In some cases, for the prevention of hypoxia in the fetus, the use of drugs Fobenzym, Actovegin or Hofitol may be recommended.
If fetal hypoxia is already taking place, the administration of blood thinners is prescribed, which improves blood flow in the utero-placental system and enhances oxygen metabolism.
In this case, the condition of the fetus, namely itsPalpitation, regularity of movement, weight gain, etc., are kept in constant control. In especially severe cases, when the condition of the baby is rapidly deteriorating, resort to early delivery.