Why check blood sugar during pregnancy? Table norm blood sugar in pregnancy. How to safely lower the sugar? Low blood sugar: why decreases in pregnancy
Deviation of the level of sugar (glucose) inBlood is an alarming sign, indicates the presence of a serious disease. Dangerous as it is increasing, and reduction, but the first is accompanied by the formation of ketone bodies - dangerous substances that are toxic to the body.
Why check blood sugar during pregnancy?
Increase of this indicator usually sayson the development of diabetes. Women in the period of gestation are at risk for this disease. Normally, diabetes during pregnancy (gestational) is temporary and goes away after childbirth alone, but it happens that it becomes a permanent form.
That is why in this period of life of women should be regularly carried out a blood test for sugar.
The main predisposing factors are the following states:
- Hereditary predisposition;
- A woman's age is over 35 years;
- Having large children or children with developmental disabilities;
- Stillbirth, fading, a history of miscarriage;
- The initial miscarriage - more than 3 miscarriages;
- The treatment of infertility hormonal agents;
The rate of blood sugar, which should be in pregnancy
Analysis of compulsory pass atfor registration (8-12 weeks) and third trimester (30 weeks). Fence material is carried out on an empty stomach from a vein or finger. Most often used the second method, so give it a norm for his performance.
Previous research do not eat. The last meal should be carried out for 8-10 hours. Important and health status. If a person is sick, the indicators may vary, but in this case they do not indicate pathology.
The rate can vary a lot in every lab, thisdue to the used units. Typically, the glucose level is determined in millimoles per liter (abbr. Mmol / l). When the fence from the finger rate ranges from 3.3 to 5.8, from a vein - 4-6,1 mmol / l.
The glucose concentration can be measured in mg / dl. In this situation the rate normally ranges from 60 to 100 ml / dl. To put this figure in mmol / L, you must divide the result by 18.
If a woman is at risk orresults of the study exceed the norm, it is required to carry out additional blood tests - a test for glucose tolerance test and the load. Also tolerance test administered as prophylaxis during the second trimester.
it is as follows: First, blood is taken from a vein on an empty stomach; then allowed to drink a glucose solution; repeat the study after 2 hours (during this time can not eat and drink, you need to be in a state of maximum rest).
Tolerance test to determinesensitivity to glucose. If the results range from 7.8 to 11.1 mmol / L, there is a heightened sensitivity (disturbance tolerance). If you exceed these figures give a preliminary diagnosis of diabetes.
Table norm blood sugar which should be in pregnancy
- Fence from a finger on an empty stomach - 3,3-5,5;
- Fence from a vein on an empty stomach - 4-6,1;
- After 2 hours after a meal - not more than 7.8;
- At any time of the day - no more than 11.1.
Increased blood sugar detected during pregnancy
If the analysis shows the rate, then the reasons for excitementno. But otherwise, you need to guard. Firstly, pregnancy is associated with changes in the level and metabolism of hormones, so the results may be different from the norm, even in healthy women.
Secondly, the result of blood frompregnant a number of factors can affect, for example, a meal, a drink, a bad dream, any physical activity, fatigue, stress, infection. Therefore, when a positive result is required to conduct follow-up study. If such results are consistent with the first, the doctor makes a diagnosis.
If the table has identified a high rateGlucose is a worrying factor. This does not mean that there is diabetes, but there are conditions for its development. Also, your doctor will refer the patient to additional studies listed above. We can not neglect this study.
In addition, you must consult your doctor if the following phenomena are observed:
- Great thirst;
- Frequent urination;
- Dry mouth;
- The constant feeling of hunger;
- The sour metallic taste in the mouth, bad breath from the mouth;
- Fatigue, weakness;
- High blood pressure.
To prevent the development of gestational diabetes, it is necessary first of all to watch your diet, try to eat fewer foods containing simple carbohydrates.
As safe for the fetus to lower blood sugar in pregnancy
A healthy and balanced diet - is the firstpoint treatment. From the menu, better not eliminate simple carbohydrates, which, in turn, - confectionery, candy, sweetened condensed whole milk, potatoes (especially puree), fatty and fried, yogurt, sour cream, mayonnaise, cheese, meat, duck and goose , sausages, bacon, chocolate, ice cream, fatty meats.
Increased sugar requires the exclusion from the menuand sugary drinks such as fruit and juices. However, the ban does not apply to complex carbohydrates - baked potatoes, buckwheat, rice, pasta from durum wheat. Preference should be given to the bread with bran or wholemeal black.
It is necessary to enter into the diet of more vegetables and legumes - soybeans, kidney beans, lentils, peas. Because meat is better to opt for veal, rabbit and chicken.
To reduce the level of glucose can be products,providing so-called anti-diabetic action - parsley, garlic, radishes, carrots, cabbage, tomatoes, spinach, rhubarb, oats, barley, pearl barley, soy milk.
With increased sugar useful to use quinces, lemons, gooseberries, cranberries, currants and grapefruit, as well as low-fat cottage cheese and yogurt.
Low blood sugar: why observed during pregnancy?
The main reason is the limited diet. Expectant mothers have a special responsibility about his menu and in any case do not limit yourself to food, adhering to any diet, however, and excesses in this respect, too, can be dangerous.
In addition, the decrease in glucose levels observed at large intervals between meals: if a person does not eat for 8 hours, the figure drops. For this reason, such possible in the morning.
Excessive physical activity is also aprovoking factor, because there is a lack of energy. In addition, low-sugar may occur in Sweet. This is due to the fact that foods rich in simple carbohydrates (chocolate, sweet pastries, candy and so on.) Provoke a rapid increase in blood glucose, but then there is the same rapid decline of its. Similar actions have sugary soft drinks and alcohol.
It is necessary to pay attention to such conditions:
- irritability, severe fatigue, weakness;
- chills, tremor hands, a burst of heat;
- dizziness and headaches;
- muscle weakness, heaviness or numbness in the feet;
- blurred vision;
- severe famine.
These conditions may be present at theglucose levels fall below the acceptable limit. If urgent measures are not taken, the state of health is deteriorating, having seizures, gait becomes unstable, incoherent speech, attention is scattered.
In patients with diabetes, people, these symptoms indicate hypoglycemia, which can result in diabetic coma.
Monitor your health and do not neglect the first symptoms! Good pregnancy you and fast delivery!