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Placental polyp: a complication of pregnancy, which is important to know

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Symptoms of tumors and treatment of placental polyp with the help of professionals: everything you need to know about postpartum complication

Unfortunately, not every woman after childbirthIt feels only the happiness of motherhood. Sometimes in the course of gestation or delivery begin with health problems, which bring young mother discomfort and anxiety.

What if your birth went not as easy as we would like?

Placental polyp after childbirth can not be calledcommonplace, but it is still common in many of the fair sex. Also, such a breach is very common among those who resorted to abortion, or suffered a miscarriage. Cases of formation of tumors and after cesarean section.

Placental polyp: a complication of pregnancy, which is important to knowOf course, in the event of apparent complications withside of the female reproductive system is important as soon as possible address to the obstetrician-gynecologist. Particularly relevant will visit immediately to the doctor, who was involved in the conduct of your pregnancy, and are already familiar with the individual characteristics of your body.

Pregnancy complications are found in the vast majority of newly parent. So do not treat this phenomenon as something tragic or fatal.

What is placental polyp?

This tumor in the uterus, whichformed from a fragment of the placenta remaining inside it. Unfortunately, changes in the female body during the period of gestation are not always predictable. Therefore, the polyp can be detected before birth through traditional ultrasound. In this case, doctors refer to it as the decidua.

It is located in the external os of the cervix in the channeluterus and is regarded as relatively normal. Can such platsentrany polyp to go himself? Yes, and generally occurs during the natural delivery. But in the case of a caesarean section, the tumor may remain inside.

Why is formed placental polyp?

Neoplasm is a fragment of the placenta (chorion or), which is "The Children's Place" throughout pregnancy, from the momentfertilization. If it is detected during gestation, doctors do not take any drastic measures. This phenomenon refers to the concepts of standards and does not threaten during pregnancy. However, the competent physician must immediately pay attention to it, because the tumor requires the correct and consistent conduct of the postpartum period.

The reasons for the formation of placental polyps during pregnancy may lie in the lobed
chorionic structure.

Placental polyp: a complication of pregnancy, which is important to knowThis means that the integrity of the usual delivery of the placenta is fully preserved, and it comes out of the vagina completely. However, inside the uterus it is the same one "More» slice, and if the doctor is ill postpartum period, a long time can not be detected.

If it were held ultrasound and pelvic examination adequate, such a breach is detected immediately.


The neoplasm can arise in the caseif a woman suffered an early miscarriage. In this case, the placenta itself is not yet formed, and the chorion (protective fetal membranes) has a branched structure.

The presence of placental polyp aftersubstandard curettage - also a common event. So if you decide to surgical termination of pregnancy, or cleaning procedure shows you a view of the existing pathologies and disorders, be sure to choose a good clinic with a bona fide medical personnel.

Another option - the presence of placental polyp after cesarean section. This basically happens when the surgery was an emergency, and the doctor just lost sight of the biomaterial.

Symptoms and signs of pathology

Symptoms of the disorders is not too specific,and treatment of placental polyp may appoint only an experienced gynecologist after extensive research and differential diagnosis.

Uterine bleeding of unknown origin - Chiefsign of the presence of placental tumors in the uterus. If this was preceded by an abortion or miscarriage, bleeding occurs in the second week after the incident. If the formation of neoplasms contributed labor, bleeding open in 4-5 weeks after the birth of a baby.

Thus it can be so intensewhich seriously degrades the condition of the woman on a background of anemia. You should know that these symptoms can lead to serious complications, up to the uterus inflammation. Therefore, if any matter of urgency to consult a specialist for the provision of adequate assistance.

Against the backdrop of blood loss, you can also feel the following symptoms of the disease:

  • Placental polyp: a complication of pregnancy, which is important to knowGreat weakness;
  • Dizziness;
  • Syncope (fainting short);
  • Fatigue on slight exertion;
  • Abnormal paleness of the skin;
  • Bruising under the eyes;
  • Loss of appetite.

polyp itself can be small and large.


It is situated on a large or a thin stalk likeand any other uterine polyps. Forms and characteristics of tumors do not affect its clinical manifestations, but in some cases may increase anxiety symptoms on a very large polyp.

Differential diagnosis of the polyp

To differentiate the disease from any similar manifestations on, doctor conducts a comprehensive physical examination.

Diagnostic activities include the following stages:

  • Assessment of current complaints - When began to bleed, what binds him very patient, what is its duration and intensity;
  • Analysis history (OB) - Whether conducted on the eve of abortion(Medications, vacuum, surgical), whether there has been a spontaneous abortion, what method was conducted rodorazoeshenie how heavy was his process;
  • Gynecological examination in mirrors - A study of the current state of the uterus and uterine mouth (at the gaping womb and large-scale tumors, it may be noticeable through the hole);
  • Ultrasonography (ultrasound) of the uterus - Consideration of the polyp using a suitable imaging equipment;
  • hysteroscopy - An in-depth examination of the uterine body using a special optical device;
  • Doppler - Visual research conducted at the fuzzy imaging of the vascular structure of an ultrasound machine.

After removal of the polyp, the material is compulsory on histological examination to exclude the development of a malignant tumor.

Note that a polyp can go on their own only in labor. If it does not require urgent treatment!

How placental tumors treated?

Placental polyp: a complication of pregnancy, which is important to knowIf the doctor has come to the final and unequivocalconcluded all the necessary diagnostic procedures, you will be assigned to proper treatment of your disease. As a rule, it can not be put off, especially if heavy bleeding is already opened. Therefore, you should be ready to advance to the need for hospitalization. A polyp is removed primarily surgically. A meaningful therapeutic scraping the uterine cavity. After surgical treatment of added drug therapy aimed at compensation for anemia.

In this case you may be assigned:

  • Iron supplements (if a large blood loss);
  • Multivitamin complexes;
  • Transfusion of blood (especially in severe cases).

If left untreated the violation as placental polyp in the uterus, it is fraught with serious complications. Moreover, they can be both gynecological and systemic.

The most frequent complications of placental polyp are:

  • Persistent anemia (a decrease in the concentration of blood cells or hemoglobin);
  • Sepsis or blood poisoning (severe condition associated with the penetration of the peripheral circulatory system of pathogenic microorganisms and their metabolic products);
  • Endometritis (inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the inside of the cavity of the uterus);
  • Lethal outcome against the background of severe anemia or sepsis.

As you can imagine, to treat this pathology is necessary immediately after its discovery. Prevention of the disease also plays a key role in protection from infringement. Be healthy!

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