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Pulse during pregnancy: the norm and deviation


Increased heart rate during pregnancy may be a sign of pathology. If a high rate observed frequently need to consult with your doctor about the use of sedatives

After conception in a woman's body is a series ofserious changes to a greater or lesser extent affect the health condition. In particular, the possible acceleration or weakening of the heart rate. That's why pregnant measure the heart rate during a reception at the gynecologist. On the basis of the scientific method people have created their own method of how to determine pregnancy by Pulse.

Apple and pulse - method of precise definition of pregnancy

Pulse during pregnancy: the norm and deviationThe woman should lie on your back and put the applemedium size just below the navel, approximately 6-8 cm. After that, you need to listen to the feelings. If clearly felt the pulsation in this place - egg fertilization occurred.

But do not trust the people's waysunconditionally. If the blood vessels lie close enough to the surface of the abdominal wall, and there is a pronounced fat, many women feel the pulsation, regardless of the presence or absence of conception. In addition, the use of the apple puzzling. Rather than using pear result is unreliable?

It is better to get tested at a health facility or use rapid test to be sure of a change in its status.

What should be the pulse rate during pregnancy

However, to follow the rhythm of the heart rate is necessary. AT "interesting"The position of women often develop tachycardia.

In some cases the figures differ significantly from the norm, which requires the adoption of urgent measures:

  • For example, the pulse rate during pregnancy should not exceed 120 beats per minute;
  • Excess indicator shows tachycardia, decreased less than 60 beats per minute - of bradycardia;
  • Moreover, arrhythmia can be pulse, i.e. irregular rhythm. This condition is considered dangerous not only for pregnant women. Arrhythmia - sign of a serious illness.

In any case it is necessary to perform inspection, if diagnosed deviation of the heart rate from the norm.

When a rapid pulse during pregnancy

The man had no difficulty withhealth measure heart rate less than 90 beats. But during pregnancy the female body is experiencing increased cardiac load, as the growth of the embryo increases the volume of blood flowing through the vessels. No less important is the change in hormonal balance, which is also reflected in the work of the cardiovascular system.

Increasing the ripple to 120 beats goingabout 2 weeks after conception. Just at this time, the chorion attached to the uterine wall and literally grows into her special fibers that allow you to take away the body of my mother needed for the development of oxygen and nutrients. Subsequently, the villi form the placenta, through which will be exchanged between the two organisms in blood.

Increased heart rate can be a sign ofpathology, which is called the syndrome of the inferior vena cava. For example, if a woman lying on her back, fertilized egg squeezes blood in the abdominal system, resulting in dramatically reduced the amount of blood flowing to the heart muscle, and it is reduced in an accelerated mode.

The frequency becomes significantly higherAs the fruit of gaining weight. The compression of the abdominal aorta, and can lead to other negative consequences: lack of air, dizziness up to unconsciousness, nausea, feeling 'heat".

In addition, tachycardia during pregnancy may develop due to reasons not related to child-bearing and due to the general condition of the woman.

These include:

  • exaggerated production of the thyroid gland hormones;
  • infectious diseases;
  • the use of a number of pharmaceutical products;
  • stress state;
  • heart disease, and vascular system;
  • overreliance on coffee and strong brewed tea.

Pulse during pregnancy: the norm and deviationIf the highest rate observed for a short time, a special hazard does not present tachycardia. The only risk - loss of consciousness and injury.

Permanent tachycardia can lead to hypoxia - oxygen starvation, which is fraught with fetal growth retardation and degradation of women.

A few tips on how to reduce pregnancy pulse

, You must inform the course, especially abouthis indisposition doctor who will monitor the pulse and prescribe appropriate measures if necessary. At home, you can reduce the slight excess in heart rate, using guidelines given below.

Thus, if a high pulse during pregnancynoted in the supine position, it is not recommended to climb sharply. It is slow to turn on the flank or sit down and perform a few deep breaths, filling the blood with oxygen. Only then can you slowly climb out of bed.

In chronic tachycardia necessaryadhere to the correct mode of the day and sleep at least 8-9 hours a day. Eat small meals should be fractional. The interval between meals should be about 3-4 hours.

It should reduce physical exertion and limit consumption of tea and coffee.

Sedatives, even of vegetable origin, to take only after doctor's recommendation.

If the increase in heart rate during pregnancy there is a continued need to consult with such narrow specialists as an endocrinologist and a cardiologist.

Reasons for decreasing heart rate during pregnancy

It should be noted that pregnant women are able to have bradycardia appears extremely rarely. Usually, the cause of reducing the heart rate are:

  • thyroid disease;
  • liver disease or kidney functioning;
  • Heart and vascular disease;
  • disorders in the central nervous system.

Determine bradycardia may be on the following grounds:

  • nausea;
  • lack of air:
  • dizziness and fainting;
  • weakness.

As in the case of tachycardia, short-terma decrease in heart rate, heart rate, is not threatening. Reduced rate below 40 beats leads to loss of consciousness and, consequently, a high risk of injury. Sometimes, a sharp decrease in the heart rate becomes a cause of cardiac arrest.

Babies born to women who are constantly suffering from bradycardia, often are underweight and are born with symptoms of hypoxia.

To avoid disease and normalize your pulse, it is recommended:

  • Pulse during pregnancy: the norm and deviationMost visit the open air, as well as to introduce the practice of moderate exercise;
  • We must adhere to the correct mode, and a good sleep;
  • Permission is granted to use a small amount of weak coffee or tea.

Most often it fails to normalize heart rate to the delivery time. If that happens, natural childbirth activity is contraindicated. Most likely, the child will be born by caesarean section.

Expectant mothers should seriously monitor the healthand at the slightest deviation from the norm to inform the physician. You can not use the pharmacological drugs and traditional recipes yourself. The problem is that tachycardia and bradycardia give approximately the same symptoms and wrong by means of pulse regulation, a woman is able to make a fatal mistake.

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