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Why the child during pregnancy is strongly gaining weight?


The reasons for the birth of a large baby. What is able to affect the height and weight of the baby: pathology and disorders. How are the genera with the largest fruit? Complications during childbirth

The trend towards large fruit - A fairly frequent diagnosis thatput after the last scheduled ultrasound. It is noteworthy that the recent average mass figures, growth and development of infants is much increased. The number of children with weight more than 4 kg at birth is 5-10%.

The reasons for the development of a large fetus during pregnancy

Why the child during pregnancy is strongly gaining weight?Risk factors for major birth of the child:

  • Heredity;
  • Diabetes and many other endocrine diseases;
  • Increasing the duration of pregnancy.


Sick women should be admitted to the pathology department for a specified period. In the context of medical facilities are examined in detail. After that, a decision on delivery.

Artificial prematurity (after 36 weeks) is performed in the case where the diagnosis "large fruit" combined with:

  • Progressing late preeclampsia;
  • A significant polyhydramnios;
  • Lowering blood sugar.

In such a situation, the child may die or suffer serious birth trauma. During the descent process requires insulin. Injections continued after itself.

Polyhydramnios and large fruit

Often the size of the baby leading to polyhydramnios. This phenomenon is especially dangerous for a child. A woman may experience discomfort of varying severity. However, the violation in a timely manner does not eliminate, the child may die or acquire malformations.

hemolytic disease

Condition due to the incompatibility of the Rh factors of mother and baby. This phenomenon can also cause growth retardation. It often leads to anemia and newborn jaundice. Severe form is characterized by general edema, accumulation of fluid in the cavities of the fetus, an enlarged spleen and liver.

But it is worth noting that the oppositeRhesus factors do not always lead to such consequences. The situation becomes much more complicated if: it is repeated pregnancy with opposite monkeys were transfusion of Rh-positive blood (taken into account and cases long before the pregnancy), I had the flu or other infections during gestation baby.

To prevent hemolytic disease in the future, the woman immediately after delivery administered anti-Rhesus immunoglobulin.


It's simple enough: if the parents were born large, the probability increases significantly weighty descendant.


As it is well known in the power mode, a very pregnantimportant. From nutrients depends on its condition and development of the baby in the womb. But an excess of carbohydrates (pasta, confectionery and bakery products) capable of retaining the fluid in the body, add the weight of the woman and child.

It is therefore recommended to limit the consumption of foods that contain large amounts of simple carbohydrates.

The second and subsequent pregnancies

According to statistics, the second child is often largerfirstborn. The trend is due to several factors. First, the woman is more calm, as is already familiar with pregnancy and childbirth. Secondly, your body knows what to do, so the increased blood circulation ensures the supply of nutrients to the baby.

The increase not only the weight but also the size

The birth of a large fetus suggestsrespective length of the body, so the size of the baby proportional. It should be noted that the circumference increases and the head, which is known to play a major role in the process of labor. The large head and a lot of weight in the fetus are often a contraindication to natural childbirth.

Possible complications

Why the child during pregnancy is strongly gaining weight?When ultrasound confirmed the large fruit, it is possible and natural childbirth and caesarean section. Each case study the doctors individually, taking into account the particular condition of the pregnant woman and the child.

If the cervix is ​​fully opened, but the head does not start to move, there is a discrepancy between the size of a baby's head and pelvis mother. In medicine, this phenomenon is called clinically narrow pelvis.

Though the latter may have a normal size, butbecause of the high head generations will be hampered. If at least one of the size of the pelvis is shortened by 2 cm from the standard, the birth naturally will not be possible.

Failure to discharge of amniotic fluid

Close baby and his big head canprevent separation of water on the front and rear. Sometimes the umbilical cord falls and even the pen during the withdrawal. Late passage of slow disclosure of the cervix. Often, there are fights long and very painful. The long dry period increases the risk of infection to the fetus and uterus.

Abnormalities of labor

Causes of primary and secondary uterine inertia forces:

  • Heavy labor history;
  • Postpartum disease in the past;
  • Infantilism (hypoplasia of the internal genital organs).

The primary weakness - sluggish and rare in the fightthe onset of labor. Secondary - active labor weakens. Such deliveries are tightened, exhaust the woman. Against this background, broken cardiovascular function, nervous and other systems, and the child often suffers from hypoxia (lack of oxygen).


At this stage the head moves through the birthWaterway. The skull bones shift, adapting to the shape of the pelvic mother. However, the discrepancy of the lower uterine segment sizes experiencing hyperextension, so high the likelihood of uterine rupture. Often, when a threat immediately conducted a caesarean section.

Genitourinary and recto-vaginal fistulas

If the head is a long time in the pelvis, itcompresses the cervix, vagina, bladder, urethra and rectum. If disturbed blood circulation, then a swelling in these soft tissues. Later may stop urinating.

Sometimes, due to prolonged compression of the tissuedie and rejected, then formed fistulas - moves between the bladder and the vagina / rectum and the vagina. These complications require further surgery.

Symphysis pubis (pubic bone discrepancy)

Such postpartum complication characterizedpain during movement of the feet. The discrepancy between the bones can be different degrees of severity. Complex cases require surgery, but they are very rare. In all other situations it is necessary to adhere to bed rest, painkillers and used to wear a bandage postpartum.

Sometimes the leg muscles is observed paresis due to nerve compression head. After that the woman starts to limp. It should be noted that this phenomenon is difficult to treat.

How is the process of giving birth?

If there is a slight discrepancypelvis and head size, the physicians used expectant management. When labors normal and no complications arise, it allows natural childbirth. But violations immediately conducted a caesarean section.

Even if the baby's head has emerged, there may be difficulties with the release of the shoulder girdle. Attending neonatologist immediately examines the child for the presence of fractures of the arms and the collarbone.

Anomalies and prolonged labor can causeviolation of utero-placental blood flow and hypoxia. Excessive movement of the skull bone with a large amount of head fraught cerebral hemorrhage or parietal bone periosteum.

Hemorrhage second type provokeskefalogematomy education. It is invisible in the early days, as covered by generic tumor. If there are no complications, the absorption occurs in 6-8 weeks. Bleeding in the brain may have a different outcome depending on their size and the affected area.

Why the child during pregnancy is strongly gaining weight?Due to the large fetus disturbed contractility of the muscles of the uterus, so the increased risk of bleeding after childbirth. They can also occur due to a delay in uterine parts of the placenta.

The large size of the child require carefulmonitoring his condition at the time of delivery. First baby's heartbeat is listened every 15 minutes, then after attempts. Used and cardiac monitoring. In identifying the appropriate treatment of hypoxia is used.

Born baby immediately examined by the doctor for birth injury and hypoxia.

The reasons for the excessive growth of the baby in the womb are quite diverse. Sometimes babies and their mothers can easily tolerate labor, in some cases, serious complications arise.

To avoid this, it is recommended to adhere to the recommendations of observer gynecologist, as well as information on the reasons for the exclusion of risk factors.

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