The shelves are imperceptible, but the interior is necessary. This part of the situation is not difficult to do by yourself, it is enough to take advantage of our advice
The usual shelves made of wood have already become unchangedClassics in almost any interior and imagine an apartment or a private house without such an element of decoration is impossible. This product combines at the same time two functions, on the one hand, it serves as a convenient place for storing books and magazines, on the other hand, decorates the room, preventing the naked wall from dominating in space.
To make such a shelf for the wall with your own hands inHome conditions is not difficult, it is enough to have the necessary tools and supplies, as well as to know some features of making things from wood.
Tools and consumables
Before you make your own shelfHands, you need to prepare space for work, collect the right tool and purchase all consumables in specialized stores. To make a regular wooden shelf with your own hands, you need to contact the store and purchase the necessary number of wooden boards with a margin of at least 10% of the total amount of material.
You can draw a drawing of all the elements in advance and ask the store to cut the boards into the elements of the sizes you need right away.
To create a regular shelf with dimensions of 90 cm in length and 25 cm in length, we will need:
- Wooden boards in the right amount with a thickness of 2.5 cm and a width of 25 cm;
- Wood screws for a length not exceeding 3 cm;
- 4 dowels to install the shelf on the wall;
- Glue for wood;
- 2 angular brackets for fixing the shelf to the wall;
- Paint or varnish for decoration.
From the working tool you need to prepare:
- Paint brush for painting the finished structure;
- Building level, can be laser, for even installation of the product on the wall;
- Electric jigsaw or hand saw;
- Drill or screwdriver;
- Grinding nozzle for a drill with sandpaper for grinding;
- A hammer and a screwdriver.
To assemble the finished structure, it is necessary to cut the boards according to the dimensions with a saw or jig saw. It is necessary to make the elements of the following sizes:
- Base 90cm in length and 25 in width;
- Back back 90 cm long and 25 wide;
- The side walls are 25 cm long and 22.5 wide.
The side walls will be installed on the baseAdhering to the rear wall, in order that they do not protrude beyond the base, one side of the sides should be 2.5 cm shorter, according to the width of the used board. If the thickness of the board you have 2 cm, then one side of the bottom is 23 cm.
Preparing for assembly
After the board is cut into partsThe right size, you need to prepare them for assembly. The places where we saw sawed, do not look very aesthetically pleasing and must be sanded using sandpaper or a grinding wheel in order to have a smooth and beautiful appearance. After the sides are cleaned, it is necessary to drill holes in the rear wall and the base for the screws.
The base will be flush with one end to the wall andOn it the back wall will be established. To do this, we need to drill three holes in the adjacent part of the base at a distance of 1 cm from the edge of the board. Two of these holes are made at the edges of the board and one in the middle. After the back wall is installed on the base, we can screw in three screws and secure the wall.
Now in the back wall you need to drill twoHoles for fixing the side partitions. They also drill along the edges of the wall at a distance of 1 cm from the edge of the board. It is important to remember that the side walls will be adjacent to the back of their short side, the width of which is 22.5 cm. After the holes are done, you can start assembling the wooden shelf yourself.
Building a wooden shelf
At the beginning of the assembly, you need to prepare the adhesive forWood for easy installation. Of course, you can do without glue, and immediately fix all the elements with screws, but in this case, without a certain experience, the product may not be exactly level, because when screwing the boards will shift relative to each other.
Next, take the back of the shelf, apply a layerGlue on the wide end face and glue it to the side of the base in which we drilled holes. Align the elements relative to each other and leave for a while to ensure that the glue froze.
After the boards are stuck, turn overBase upside down and screw screws into the holes with a screwdriver or a screwdriver to secure the base of the wooden shelf with a back wall.
Then we carry out a similar procedure withLateral partitions. We spread two end faces with glue, one of which is 22.5 centimeters, and glue it to the shelf, so that the short side abuts against the rear wall, blocking the screw holes. Then we wait for the glue to harden and screw the screws into the holes for securing the fastening. We leave the product for at least a day for complete drying of the glue.
Decoration and wall mounting
Wooden shelves made by own handsAre light enough and can be safely attached even to the wall of gypsum board, provided that you do not put heavy things on the shelf. The decoration of the element is completely dependent on your imagination, and you can use colored paints or ordinary varnish, while preserving the texture and appearance of the tree.
After the piece of interior made by own hands is assembled and zadekorirovat, you can proceed to install it on the wall surface. It is important to first determine the option of attachment.
For this, two metalCorner holders, which are pre-installed on the wall and the shelf is attached to them. This type of installation is considered reliable, but less aesthetic, as the holders will be visible and not everyone will like it.
The second option does not provide forHolders and the shelf is mounted on the dowels through the back of the product. This option hides fasteners and looks aesthetically pleasing, however, for gypsum cardboard this option is less reliable and is suitable only for brick, concrete or wood.
If you chose the option with holders, then forStart to determine the installation site, put the building level on the bottom of the shelf and lean it against the wall. Based on the reading of the level, put the product strictly horizontally and mark with a pencil on the wall the installation site of fasteners about 5-10 cm from the edge of the shelf.
Then in the wall drill holes of the required depth and fix the holders with the dowels. After that, install the shelf on the holders and screw it with screws.
In the second version of the installation, it is necessaryPreliminary in the back wall of the shelf, drill 4 holes, attach the product to the wall and mark with a pencil on the wall the installation site of the dowels. Then remove the shelf, in the marked places drill holes and insert plastic inserts, which come complete with dowels.
Then, lean the shelf back to the wall, throughHoles in the rear wall of the shelf, install the dowels and tighten them using a screwdriver. At this work is finished, and you can use your element of the interior, created by yourself, for its intended purpose.
During the whole operation time, it is advisable to use safety glasses and gloves in order to avoid splintering or accidental cuts.
Hand-made shelf will not only complement the interior, but also please you by the fact that they are made by hand!