Want to do needlework, and do not know what to choose? Give preference to guilloche. Burning patterns on the fabric - it's very interesting and beautiful
Guilloche is a fairly young speciesNeedlework, which is nothing more than a technique of burning through the fabric. It appeared only in the 80s of the last century, and, nevertheless, is already quite popular!
The subtleties of the process
Guilloche is a techniqueBurning pattern. It is done with the help of a special apparatus. More often needlewomen burn out on silk or on any other synthetic fabrics. The thing is that it's impossible to work with natural materials, the fabric should melt, but not burn.
Opportunities that are revealed to those whoMastered this technique is very large. You can create decorative pictures using the resulting application. You can make your own nets openwork napkins, cards, decorate notebooks, clothes: collars, scarves and stuff.
What you need to know to master the guilloche technique
Before you start working with a finished product, you should know that for beginners this kind of needlework can seem complicated. Therefore, practice on the flap of the same tissue.
To master the guilloche, you will needa device for burning. Also, other tools are needed for work: scissors, tweezers, an album with thick sheets of paper, sandpaper to clean the needle during operation.
On the Internet you will find various schemes for creating drawings, from which you can choose what you like. Take into account that for this burning technique it is necessary to observe greater accuracy and clarity of the ornament.
Master class on guilloche
If you want to learn this technique, then you will benefit from a master class on guilloche.
Before you start, you will need to select the appropriate sketch. If you want to draw it yourself, then it is desirable to take the cardboard as the basis.
Choose a synthetic fabric that melts well and appears translucent. Carefully iron it, fold it in half, attach to the edges of the cardboard, where the guilloche scheme is drawn.
Get a special copy table withIllumination, which is usually enjoyed by artists. In its essence, it is a glass box with a matte glass surface, inside which lamps are built.
With this table you can startBurning through the fabric. To do this, put a sketch on the glass surface with illumination, and a cloth on it. Begin the work will need to be from the middle of the product, this will avoid the bias in the future.
Take the burner, plug it into the network. For beginners guilloche can be very difficult, do not forget to check the readiness of the needle to work on a piece of cloth. Make trial cuts, and set the temperature level that you want using the voltage regulator.
During operation, hold the burner in such a way thatThe tip of the needle was directly perpendicular to the glass. Slightly touching the needle to the fabric, make through cuts. While moving the needle, stretch the fabric on the spot where you make the cut.
In the process of burning the pattern on a hot needleThere will be a layer of molten tissue. Because of this, the width of the incision will become more and more each time, and the quality of work will deteriorate. Therefore, do not forget to observe the tip of the needle, periodically clean it with sandpaper, a piece of natural cloth or a blade.
Having learned this technique, you can perform the following processes:
- Cutting the fabric with a solid line;
- Burning out small holes;
- Formation of sections of different sizes;
- The formation of a point of any size;
- Soldering several layers of fabric using the elements of the pattern;
- The creation of elements for decoration, among which are dots, stems, beads;
- Machining of product edges «Denticles"And"Festoons".
It is also possible to connect the fabric elements "The".
You can do this in two ways:
- The contour lines of several layers of fabric are burned simultaneously. On the formed line of the cut, a dense welding seam is formed.
- "Spot Welding". Using the needle, light touches are made to several layers of fabric so that the fabric is melted in the place where you touch, but there was no through hole.
With these two methods, it is possible to manufactureVarious products: napkins, clothing collars, laces for decoration, decorative handkerchiefs, and even paintings created by guilloche. Believe me, with the help of this technique you can make a lot of interesting things.
Guilloche is a difficult kind of needlework, but it's worth it to learn!