To put "mother's capital"? When given the maternity capital, and when they can refuse? The amount of maternity capital in different situations. Reviews women.
In the last decade, when the birth rate inRussia began to fall rapidly, and sank below the level of mortality, at the legislative level has been developed and put into practice a program of incentives for increasing the birth rate.
Now boldly parents hesitant start of the secondbaby or adopt a second baby in the family - the financial support for this step was the impressive, opening up new possibilities for the family, gives a chance for a normal life, the implementation of the residential program or other immediate family grandiose plans. When the program who will get started - and who does not have the right to Maternal capitalWhat amount it determines which documentsNeed to recipients on what goals legitimately spend money benefits - to these and other questions that are most often concerned with mothers and fathers, we will try to answer in a series of articles devoted to maternal capital.
From what has been operating the program assistance to families who have children?
Federal Law № 256-FZ, adopted on December 29, 2006, has the title name "On additional measures of state support for families with children" and designed to provide financial support for fertility, came into full force with 2007 (from January).
This law is in force in accordance with all the items, supporting families with children and the birth of the baby later designated a specific period: to 2007 (Jan.), up to the thirty-first of December 2016 (Article 13 of the Law).
Monitoring and action of the procedure under this Act is assigned to the agencies and departments of the Russian Federation Pension Fund. They do not have the right to make adjustments and amendments to the existing law, add to it, at its discretion, to make changes in the adopted regulations.
Persons who have a statutory right to receive funds, issued a document confirming the right of this single sample - Certificate for cash assistance "parent (family) capital".
This cash lump sum, which determines the certificate, Not available on the individual child and to improve the welfare and improvement of family lifeFor all children in the family and parents as support.
To put the parent (family) capital? How many times have paid Maternity capital one family on having children?
"Mother's capital" is issued on the seconda child who was born (in other cases - adopted) in the period following the entry into full force of the Federal Law. But no matter how many children are there in the family, you must know that maternity capital is issued only once the familyAs it is one-time financial support.
So, who has the full right to receive this allowance:
- Female, given birth, or which adopted a second baby.
- Families in which in a row second baby has been adopted in a designated period of Law (This category does not include step-daughter and step-children in the family).
- Families in which there is already one (or several) of children born before the entry of the existing Law on assistance in force, and another child (Third, fourth - it does not matter) It was born in a certain period.
- the baby's fatherIf his wife died after giving birth to her second child.
- The man, who alone has adopted a second childIf he had not taken advantage of the state financial support, and the court's decision on the adoption of their adopted child (ren) entered into force for the specified period of law.
- Himself a child - if both parents had previously been stripped of their parental rights (Money of the amount constituting the "mother's capital" after deprivation of parental rights of both parents can get all minor children in the family, in absolutely equal parts).
- The child, the second in the family(Two or more children), it has the full right to receive all cash, certain "maternity capital" in case of loss (death) of both parents - and dads and mums.
- In case of loss (death) of both parents, or in the case of deprivation of mothers and fathers of their parental rights, the right to receive assistance are adult children, if they enrolled in an educational institution on a full-time, and it is not yet 23 years old.
The unconditional right to receive money "maternity capital" - parents are applying for this benefit, as well as the birth or adoption of children, should be definitely Russian citizenship.
Who would not be able to use the certificate and money the parent (family) capital?
- Persons who applied for payment of his "mother's capital" with mistakes, or with deliberately false information.
- Parents who were previously deprived of their parental rights on their previous children.
- Parents who already receiving an allowance "mother's capital" earlier.
- Parents of a child who It does not have Russian citizenship.
When can I get the Certificate? When you can fully take advantage of the funds, which are defined parent (family) capital?
For obtaining the Certificate applicants canapply as soon as will receive a birth certificate baby, which was born at a certain time. If the family of the second child is adopted, then the receipt of this certificate must be treated well after the coming into full force of the court.
However, spending money that define this assistance, it is possible not earlier than the date when the second child (the child, who receives a certificate) It will complete three years. The current law in 2011 introduced some amendments, according to which the family can now use cash, certain "capital", and at the same time do not wait for the baby to achieve the age of threeIf these funds will be directed to acquisition of property, housing, repayment of housing loan, mortgage.
Term of circulation of this certificatetime frames is not limited. But to spend these funds, parents can only after the expiry of three years from the date of birth of the second child. If necessary, the planned repayment of the loan for the construction, purchase of housing from 2011 declaration parents can already submit, without waiting for the achievement of their second baby three years of age.
Amount component of the parent (family) capital
FROM 2007 year determines the amount of money in payment for the Certificate was originally 250 thousand rubles. But in subsequent years, this amount increased, taking into account the current inflation:
- AT 2008 , the "capital of the Parent (family)" the amount of money already was 276 250.0 rubles;
- AT 2009 year amounted to - 312 162.5 rubles;
- AT 2010 year amounted to - 343 378.8 rubles;
- AT 2011 year amounted to - 365 698.4 rubles;
- AT 2012 year amounted to - 387 640.3 rubles;
- AT 2013 the sum of money, which defines "maternal (family) capital," now is 408 960.5 rubles.
According to analysts, in 2014 the amount of money determined by the "parent (family) capital" increased by 14% from the current value in 2013, accounting for 440 000.0 rubles.
- There is a law in 2009 has been changed. The new document was amended, which now provides for the right person, will receive a certificate, receive a certain amount of In cash. Since 2009, it amounted to 12 thousand rubles (Subtraction of the total). It is quite possible in the near future, this amount will be increased.
- For parents (or other persons defined by the Act), which took advantage of this right, and used part of the "parent (family) capital", issued to them in cash, the remainder of "maternity capital" will be increased (indexed) to its use, taking into account the current inflation.
- The funds that are part of a real "parent (family) capital" exempt from the existing tax on all personal income.
- According to the new amendments to the Law, from December 2011 cash components of the "mother's capital" may be sent to pay child visits the state, municipal preschool or school.
- The amount of money existing content"Parent (family) capital" will continue to be indexed with inflation - this is done to ensure that it is not "burned" is not depreciated with time. The amount of money that determines the "mother's capital" will change only upwardsBut is never - downwards.
- Under existing law, the parents or the person(Defined by the Law), who have a right to receive this Certificate and certain cash benefits to them, called "maternity capital", can independently choose where these funds will be spent. the law prohibited cashing complete "Maternity capital", as it sale, donation and any operation that convey the right to receive cash data to others. See also: On what you can spend maternity capital - is it possible to sell or cash?