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Nervous tics: where they have small children?

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As tics classified? When violations occur? Causes of teak in infants and older children. Treatment and prevention of violations

The child's nervous tic - a fairly common violation, but parents can not immediately notice it, since sick children almost do not differ from their peers, except that they often blink, cough, and so on.

Many people think that this is a temporary phenomenon that does not require treatment. After examination by a specialist, for example, an otolaryngologist or ophthalmologist, no serious pathologies are found.

What is a nervous tic?

Nervous tics: where they have small children?The disease is a reflexMuscle contraction, appearing spontaneously and uncontrollable. Basically, the disorder occurs on the face and neck in the form of twitching of the eyelid, lips, nose, head movements or shoulders. Very rarely the phenomenon touches the hands and feet. Often a nervous tic begins with a twitching of the eye in the child, and then passes to the lips.

Types of violation

Experts share this pathology in several ways:

  • Local - when only one muscle group is involved;
  • Generalized - several muscle groups are affected;
  • Simple - the movements consist of one element (prervnivny tik head, observed in the child);
  • Complex - involves a group of uncontrolled coordinated movements (for example, bouncing).

Dividing the disease into groups

The pathology is divided into groups according to the type of manifestation: Mimic (imply the nervous tic of the face of a small child) - a wink, a tick of the eye, frequent blinking, twitching of the lips and other cuts in the musculature of the face; Voice (vocal) - pronunciation of individual sounds, phrases or words; Tics of the extremities - clapping hands, tugging and bouncing.

Medical explanation of the phenomenon

Doctors classify deviations for several more subspecies:

  • Transit - last no more than a year;
  • Chronic motor - last more than a year;
  • Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome-there are several motor tics and one vocal one.

According to statistics, this pathology is present in 20% of children, with boys being sick more often than girls.

When does the deviation occur?

It was previously thought that a violation occurs duringAge crises, that is, in 3-4 years and 7-8 years. At this time, children for the first time face development crises: they acquire new skills, their behavior changes.

The main thing in this moment is that every crisis of childhood is a new stage of independence. That is why these periods represent a special danger to the mental state of children.

But now medicine can not clearly identifyThe boundaries of age-related crises, and therefore, indicate the periods of the onset of a nervous tic. In modern children, independence crises can occur much earlier.

Causes of nerve tics in children

Of course, parents are primarily interested inThe question of why there was a violation. It is usually difficult to determine the specific events that led to the appearance of a tick, because this disease is usually provoked by a whole complex of causes.

Heredity is the very first reason, oWhich the doctors say. If in a family someone had psychoemotional disturbances, then the probability is high that they will be inherited. It is worth considering this factor, although the location may not go into a full-fledged disease.

In addition, specialists often tend to believe that,That the cause of ticotic disorder is upbringing. For example, if the mother has psychological problems, she, in contact with the baby, does not hide her emotions and has some influence on him. That is, the source of the disease is not genes, but a reaction to certain factors, events.

Stress is a rather complex reason in terms ofUnderstanding, because parents and children see the world in different ways, for example, a quarrel with a friend will become a stressful situation for the child, but for parents such a moment is quite ordinary.

Nervous tics: where they have small children?It should be noted that stress is not alwaysNegative character, that is, it can be positive, for example, the symptoms of disturbance sometimes appear because of positive impressions, for example, after going to the zoo or celebrating a birthday.

Watching TV or watching TV for a long timeTime at the computer. The image on the monitors and screens is bright and flashing, so it can affect the intensity of the nerve cells in the brain.

If you regularly spend a lot of time in front of the TV screen or behind a computer, then the so-called alpha rhythm, responsible for calm and pacification, gets lost.

Low physical activity, which oftenIs accompanied by an excess of intellectual load. Since all parents want their children to be intelligent and intelligent, they pay more attention to the development of intelligence, but at the same time completely forget that the young organism needs both physical activity and physical activity.

We remind you that a nervous tic is a reflex contraction of muscles, so the reason can also be that energy is not consumed in everyday leisure, accumulates and forms into a disease.

Factors of upbringing. The emotional state of the parents can affect the baby. For example, anxiety, restraint in the expression of feelings, strict control and inflated demands negatively affect the mental state.

In addition, there are so-calledSymptomatic or secondary nervous tics that arise from trauma (including birth defects), tumors, and brain metabolism, that is, they are a symptom of another disease.

In general, the disorder provokes diseases of the nervous system and the brain, but often the cause may even be transitory pathologies that caused brain hypoxia, for example, viral infections.

Very often these very reasons becomeProvokers teak in infants. In chronic tonsillitis the child often swallows, but after removal of the tonsils the underlying disease passes, and the tick in the form of swallowing remains.

Treatment of nerve tics in children

If symptoms appear, visit a neurologist. In the future, a consultation of a psychologist will be required, since tics are a group of psychosomatic diseases.

The study primarily excludes brain and CNS diseases, as well as mental disorders.

Usually, after the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctorPrescribes baby soft pills. Drug treatment is primarily necessary in the event that the violation does not last long on its own. But sometimes such measures are not enough. Since the causes of tick disturbance may be different, a multifactorial reaction is necessary and there are cases when it is effective even without the use of medicines.

If the violation is a symptom of anotherDisease, the treatment is to eliminate the root cause, for example, the nervous tic that has arisen in an infant is most often caused by injuries received in the process of childbirth, so treatment will consist precisely in their elimination.

How to avoid a breakdown?

These recommendations will be useful not only for preventive purposes, but also should be included in the complex treatment of the disease:

  • Nervous tics: where they have small children?Observe the correct mode of the day, the alternation of work and rest;
  • Increase physical activity;
  • Serious attitude to such factors as stress and upbringing, to conduct an analysis of their actions, and after that to work out a strategy for eliminating mistakes and correcting the situation;
  • Eliminate the anxiety of the child. In this case, various soothing baths, long walks in nature, relaxing massage will help;
  • To remove anxiety at the physiological level can be by means of modeling or sand therapy;
  • When a child with a teak is involved in the muscles of the body, you need to come up with funny movements that will allow the baby to bend. Also, teak relief will help relax and muscle tension;
  • Do not attract the attention of the baby to his tick,Because he will focus on it and try to take control. As a result, the muscles will tense, and the ticks will intensify. It is worth remembering that control is always a strain. Also, a reminder of a defect will strengthen the child's anxiety and fear.

When there were symptoms of a nervous teak in a babyOr an older child, it is necessary to consult a doctor without fail. He will diagnose, identify the cause and prescribe the appropriate treatment, depending on the source of the disease.

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