Why crunching bones in infants and adolescents. When the crunch - the norm, and when - pathology. Diseases characterized by bone crunching. The specifics of the treatment
The body of small children differs considerably from adults. It can be said of the locomotor system, one of the main elements of which are the joint bones, or joints.
Very often parents taking children into his arms, heard a strange crackling sound or clicking. This phenomenon scares many people, because first of all there is the idea that corrupted some part of the body.
Do not worry and panic, because thisphenomenon does not cause pain. It should be noted that there are also children who are sometimes crackle joints during movement. In infants they are very elastic and brittle, and the muscular system is still weak, so adults sometimes frighten very ordinary sounds.
quite often at very audible clickordinary movements. As the baby of his stature and muscle ligaments and joints will grow less and less will be the crunch. However, an exception to the norm is dysplasia - congenital hypermobility of joints, that is, their increased mobility.
Why crunching bones in a young child?
The reason is often the weaknessligament-muscular system. This is due to insufficient amount of the synovial fluid that bathes the joint or due inflammatory diseases.
Often clicks and pain occur whenOsgood-Schlatter disease. This pathology affects only the knee joints and is characterized by the fact that inflammation is not, however, observed pain when walking, jumping, running. A feature of the disease is that it extends independently without treatment.
crunch reason a teenager and grudnichka mogutbe diseases such as gonarthrosis, ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, frozen shoulder periarthrosis, coxarthrosis, rheumatoid and infectious polyarthritis and others.
In order to exclude the presence of disease, it is necessaryvisit a doctor who will send to diagnose a patient on the biochemical analysis of blood (C-reactive protein and total alkaline phosphatase, rheumatoid factor, creatine kinase), and ultrasound of the heart.
If the results of studies have not shownanomalies, then the crunch is an anatomical feature. Perhaps a specialist will recommend to diversify the diet of baby foods rich in calcium (cheese, milk, fish, etc.), As well as drinking plenty of fluids - water stimulates the production of synovial fluid.
What you should pay attention to parents:
- Crunch publishes only certain joints (eg, knee, elbow, shoulder, hip);
- Clicks can be heard when the limb flexion and extension;
- If the crunch of the hip joint is accompanied by the asymmetry of skin folds on the feet and hips while poorly bred in hand. This phenomenon indicates dislocation or subluxation of the hip;
- The crunch is observed for a long time;
- If the child is anxious and crying during clicks;
- There is swelling and redness of the skin.
If you find any of the above symptoms, you should contact your doctor.
Why does a teenager get sore and crackle with bones
Soreness and clicking are the symptoms of suchDiseases like arthritis (inflammation of the joint) and arthrosis (degenerative-dystrophic cartilage damage). The latter is characterized by a pronounced click, and arthritis most often develops in children against a sore throat.
During the disease, angina in children andAdolescents have pain in the joints, which take place after 2-3 weeks. However, if the inflammation of the throat is not treated, rheumatism will develop. In this situation, a complex treatment is prescribed, including therapy for the throat, and for the bones.
After 12 years of age, you are allowed to takeIn addition to medicines prescribed by the doctor, special biological supplements that reduce inflammation and increase overall immunity due to vitamin C (ascorbic acid).
Why still bones crack:
- Violation of the coincidence of articular surfaces. Basically, the clicking sound is accompanied by painful sensations;
- Focal inflammatory process in the muscle that occurs after overexertion;
- Congenital hypermobility;
- Osteoarthritis, in other words - wear of joints;
- Salt deposits;
- Postponed trauma;
- Similar phenomena occur in some casesWith diseases of the gallbladder and liver. These two organs are responsible for the state of connective tissue and the synthesis of collagen - the material that is the main constituent of the cartilage;
- When the bones of newborns or babies crackle, in most cases it is only the weakness of the musculoskeletal system, which will pass as the baby grows;
- In teenagers, the crunch is associated with peculiaritiesPhysiology. Especially active tissues are formed in 14-16 years. At this time it is very important to eat balanced and healthy food, as well as avoid excessive physical exertion.
The course of therapy should be prescribed only by a doctor,Figuring out why the joints are clicked. As mentioned above, there may not be a need for treatment, for example, if the sounds are caused by the physiological characteristics of the organism. In other cases, guided by the results of analyzes and studies, after finding the source take appropriate measures.
For diagnosis, a blood and urine test is administered(To identify acute inflammatory processes), biochemical research (described above), ultrasound joints to detect dysplasia and determine the amount of synovial fluid, ultrasound of the heart, to exclude rheumatism.
You can increase the consumption of water, so that the synovial fluid is produced in large quantities. Or diversify the diet with foods rich in calcium and vitamin D.
The doctor can prescribe special ointments and pharmacological preparations for severe pain, as well as during the detection of inflammation.
It is necessary to exclude heavy physical exertion, but therapeutic physical training is allowed. In some cases, the child is sent to the LFK with an instructor.
If the adolescent has low motor activity,Then it may have salt deposition. In this case, it is necessary to gradually increase physical activity, to lead a more lively lifestyle. Massage will help to get rid of salt deposits.
It is allowed to use the recipes of the people'sMedicine, but only after a preliminary consultation of a specialist. Easy massage for the baby, the mother can perform on her own. In this case, special gels with collagen and extracts of medicinal plants are often used.
But their use will be necessary only in case of inflammation of the joint. In addition, such drugs have an analgesic effect.
It is necessary to strictly adhere to the recommendations of the doctor and follow the prescribed dosage, since even non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may cause side effects when the dose is raised.
The course of treatment can not be interrupted and canceled, but you need to be vigilant. The slightest negative reaction of the body after taking medication is the reason for contacting a doctor.
If the bones crack, but no pathology is detected, then there is no need for special treatment. It is enough to do massage and gymnastics to develop the musculoskeletal system of the baby.
When dysplasia, the orthopedist assigns a special correction.
Rheumatism and infectious diseases are eliminated with the help of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Arthritis is treated with non-steroidal analgesics and glucocorticoids.
Hypermobility, as well as the weakness of the neuromuscular apparatus - massage and a special set of exercises. In some cases, doctors prescribe special drugs that normalize muscle tone.
In infants, many orthopedic pathologies can be corrected with the help of special swaddling methods.
Only a doctor can tell exactly why crunchesBone, so do not hesitate to contact a specialist, otherwise, if the pathology is actually there, surgical intervention may be necessary.