Pathology of orthopedics. Chronic infections. Disorders in the work of the cardiovascular system. Sore feet with a deficiency of vitamins. Mechanical damage. Influenza and acute respiratory disease. Causes of lameness
Why does a young child have leg pain? There are many reasons for this unpleasant phenomenon. Some of them are connected with external factors, others - with internal factors. To find out where the source of pain lies, you need to talk with the baby.
This reason is the most common. Unpleasant sensations arise against a background of high rates of growth and active metabolism. Before puberty, the child increases in growth mainly due to lengthening of the legs, the shins and feet most intensively grow. In such places, good blood circulation is necessary.
Vessels feeding muscles and bones are wideAnd can well supply blood to growing tissues, but they are not too elastic. Their tone rises by about 10 years. Therefore, they work better with active loads, when muscles are involved.
It happens that the leg hurts at nightChild. This is due to the fact that during the rest period, the tone of veins and arteries decreases, blood circulation in rapidly growing tissues decreases, resulting in soreness. To save the baby from these unpleasant sensations, you need to massage the lower leg, pat your feet, that is, to increase the flow of blood into the muscles.
Infringements of this sphere of medicine too enter into the mostCommon causes. These include scoliosis, violation of posture, flat feet, etc. In this case, the role is played by the displacement of the center of gravity. The greatest pressure of the body is not distributed evenly, but falls on a certain area (foot, shin, knee, thigh).
The gait may also be disturbed. Orthopedic diseases can be not only acquired, but also congenital. For example, similar symptoms occur in the pathology of the hip joints, osteochondropathy (Perthes disease, Ostud-Schlatter disease).
Chronic foci of infection
The causes of pain in the legs may be concealed in the child'sNasopharynx. Diseases such as adenoiditis, tonsillitis, multiple caries include soreness in their symptoms. In this case, prevention measures are an important point: you need to visit the otolaryngologist and dentist on time, treat your teeth, monitor your mouth hygiene.
Sometimes pain is the first signDeveloping rheumatism, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. In a number of cases, it occurs against the background of endocrine system diseases: diabetes, adrenal gland pathologies, parathyroid gland.
Such ailments lead to disturbances in salinityBones. In addition, the first symptom of certain blood diseases is also pain in the limbs, arthritis of the ankles and knee joints. It is necessary to urgently address to the phthisiatrician if the legs and the child have a positive reaction to Mantoux.
The so-called Oslagii often occur inThose who have a diagnosis of dystonia by hypotonic type. It is noted that they are more apparent at night. This may cause discomfort in the heart, abdomen, as well as headache, poor sleep, a sense of lack of air.
Congenital diseases of the cardiovascular system
This symptom is part of the clinical picture whenLike problems. Some congenital malformations, such as the arterial valve or coarctation of the aorta, are characterized by poor circulation in the extremities. Such children are difficult to walk, they stumble, fall, and quickly get tired. If you measure the pulse, then on your hands it will be probed, and on your feet may be completely absent.
Congenital inferiority of connective tissue
In this case, we are talking about insufficiencyTissue, which is part of the cardiac apparatus, ligaments and veins. Usually people with similar congenital developmental anomalies suffer from hypermobility of the joints, flat feet, scoliosis, varicose veins, violation of posture and omission of the kidneys.
If a child sometimes has feet in the middleTheir part, then probably the pathology of the arch of the foot takes place. And the unpleasant sensations in the heel indicate the stretching of the Achilles tendon, in the finger - on the inflammation of the bag on the outer part of it.
Deficiency of useful substances
When children reach the age of 3, they often complain aboutUnpleasant sensations in the calf muscles. This phenomenon is usually associated with a lack of phosphorus and calcium in the growth zones of bone tissue. A similar situation occurs in pregnant women, since they have calcium excreted in large quantities from the body.
In a child, this may be due to deficiency of phosphorus, potassium and calcium due to poor assimilation of elements (secondary rickets).
If the muscles or joints of the legs in the child acutely hurt,Then, as a rule, this indicates tissue damage, for example, stretching. If, in addition to the above symptom, there is swelling, redness, or a local increase in temperature, you need to urgently consult a specialist.
Swollen and reddened joint requires careful examination, since the probability of infection (septic arthritis) is high.
Also, such symptoms may indicateDevelopment of severe systemic disease (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Still's disease). Septic arthritis in the absence of therapy leads to irreversible damage to the joint, and Still's disease - to deterioration of vision.
If the child has lumbago and aching bonesLegs, there is a general malaise, then you must always go to a medical institution, since this may be the initial stage of the disease of Still or leukemia.
Why the flu and ARI provoke aching pains
In the symptomatology of such diseases necessarilyThere is an ache of joints, a loss of strength, a nagging sensation throughout the body. This phenomenon does not apply to anomalous, therefore does not require increased attention. It will pass together with a cold. At the initial stage, you can use paracetamol.
Such a pathology in the vast majority of casesIs diagnosed in older children and adolescents. It is characterized by acute soreness in the anterior part of the knee joint, in the place where the tibia (shin) is connected to the tendon of the kneecap. In this case, it is observed not only during the day, during the movement, but also at night, at rest.
There is an unpleasant hypersensitivity. It should be noted that medicine still can not pinpoint the cause of the pathology, but it is noted that it affects athletes most often.
If the baby has just bruised his leg and has become limp,Then, as a rule, there is nothing to worry about. Another thing is when the gait is broken for no apparent reason. To this phenomenon can result in uncomfortable shoes, a nail in the sole, ingrown nail or inflammation of the finger, bruising / inflammation of the ankle / knee.
Attention should be paid to any swollen andReddened place. First you need to gently bend and unbend the hip, then the knee and ankle. In a number of cases, lameness occurs against a background of strong emotions, for example, with intense excitement or stress.
It is necessary to enter bed rest for one day. If the baby continues to limp even after a day, without consulting a doctor can not do. Also, you need to ask for help if your child has swollen and aching legs.
These factors are among the most commonChildren of middle and senior school age. They are very active and often stretch muscles and ligaments. Such problems do not require urgent intervention, but anti-inflammatory ointments can be used.
When to contact a doctor:
- There is a suspicion of a bone fracture or other serious injury;
- Lame without cause for several days;
- Inflammation and redness of the ankle, knee or hip joint.
Parents should constantly monitor the baby, andDuring sleep, and during wakefulness. Also need to pay attention to shoes. It should have a firm sole, it's enough to sit on the leg and be of size.
It is not necessary to limit toddlers in movements, as the activity promotes their growth. They also need a full-fledged diet: an abundance of vegetables and fruits, sour-milk products, fish, etc.
If parents have suspicions or anxiety about this or that phenomenon, do not delay the visit to the doctor!