When the mothers breast milk for the first time comes? What are the reasons for the lack of milk? Agalactia, hypogalactia and galactorrhea: Causes and Treatment. Other feeding problems of breast milk
All young mothers are interested in the question: When does breast milk come after giving birth? It is not surprising that this topic worries parents, because in many ways the development and health of a newborn baby depends on natural feeding.
When does breast milk appear after delivery?
On the first day after the delivery appearsColostrum, which before that could be excreted before delivery. Usually it is very small, but in the future, the secretion increases, although every woman has a lot of it. A full-fledged milk can come gradually, for example, more often on the 4th-5th day after birth it is already quite a lot, or arrive abruptly and suddenly.
The mammary glands at this moment can stronglyHarden and increase significantly in volume. They tend to become painful, and through the tightened skin enlightened enlarged veins. Sometimes the temperature rises.
Somewhat poor health can be observedFor one or two days. If the breast is well dissociated, completely emptied, then normal lactation will be established. Sometimes milk appears much later. Usually, this is not uncommon in primiparous women. His secretion can begin within a week after the birth of the child or even after two.
As soon as the first milk rush occurred, itsThe secretion will begin to increase continuously and will reach a maximum between 10 and 20 weeks. In the first week of the day, about 200-300 ml of milk is produced. After that lactation will remain at the reached level until the end of breastfeeding.
The duration of breastfeeding dependsFrom many factors, including individual characteristics of the body and the structure of the breast. In addition, the mother can always decide when it's time to wean the baby.
After giving birth for some reason, milk did not come: complications of breastfeeding
Over the past few years, more and moreComplaints of young mothers that they do not have enough milk or not at all. The lack of its secretion in official medicine is called agalactia and is extremely rare.
Usually the cause of the pathology is underdevelopmentMammary gland, but sometimes it is associated with physical exhaustion of a woman or as a result of a mental shock. If agalactia is caused by the last two reasons, then when milk is created, milk can still appear.
Usually, when a woman says noLactation, she means a decrease in milk production. The causes of the deficit can be very different, ranging from physical to psychological. For example, very often very little milk comes after delivery with insufficient nutrition (poorly balanced diet), overwork, lack of sleep, social instability, restless family situation.
When a woman has a small child, sheDevotes almost all of his time to him, and therefore very much needs the help and support of close people. When it is assigned to care for the newborn, and other household chores, there may simply not be enough time for rest and full sleep.
This mode immediately affects its stateNot in the best way. Accordingly, lactation suffers. Therefore, wondering why there is no milk after childbirth, it is worth first to assess your lifestyle.
That is why in the treatment of hypogalactia(Insufficient milk production) are shown: a full-fledged sleep (at least 7 hours); Balanced nutrition, including the use of 1 liter of milk per day, diluted with 1 liter of strong tea, or a similar amount of sour-milk products. In some cases, treatment includes psychotherapy.
Folk recipes that promote the production of milk?
Many women to strengthen milk production,If it is not enough, resort to widely known national recipes. For example, a decoction of nettle or a medicinal dose is a success. To prepare a decoction of 20 g of dried leaves, plants are poured with a liter of hot boiled water and insist for a while.
Take this medicine on a tablespoonThree times a day. To prepare the collection, you need to take 25 g of dill, fennel, anise fruits, and oregano grass. All the ingredients are ground to a powder. A teaspoon of hot water will be needed for a teaspoon of raw materials. All mix and insist, and then drink the resulting liquid two or three times a day for 200 ml.
There is another national recipe as effectiveTo dissolve the milk after childbirth: to eat bread with caraway seeds and sour cream, in which the cumin was cooked. The latter is prepared based on 1 tsp. Seeds for 150-200 ml of sour cream. The ingredients are mixed and cooked for 3 minutes.
Recommendations of traditional medicine
An important role in the elimination of hypogalactia playsA mode of feeding of the kid which it is necessary to strictly observe. In addition, when the child has eaten, it is necessary to carefully strain the milk, so that no drops remain. After such an event, a hot shower will be useful, especially on the chest area.
If a woman does not have enough milk from her ownBirth crumbs, it is recommended to increase the number of feedings. In this situation, the child should eat at least 7 times a day. This does not exclude night feeding. It is worth noting that at one time you need to give both breasts, and not one, as in the usual situation.
Igalaktoreya - the reverse side of the medal
Do not exclude and drug treatment,Physiotherapy procedures, acupuncture. The pathology of lactation is Igalactorrhea. In medicine, this term refers to the spontaneous release of milk. Minor outflow is usually observed before or during feeding, but from a free breast - it is physiological, quite normal phenomena.
But galactorrhea is characterized by the fact that leakageOccurs even between feedings. In rare cases, continuous excretion is observed, strongly irritating the tender skin of the breast and nipples. The total volume of the liquid is often small. Galactorrhea can be combined with hypogalactia.
However, spontaneous flow is associated withNeuroses, so the main role in the treatment of the disease is a full-fledged sleep and a balanced diet. The complex of treatment includes both medicines and physiotherapy procedures.
Other breastfeeding problems
It can happen that milk regularlyComes, the child sucks everything, but badly adds weight. In this case, the doctor suspects the inferiority of the liquid. Usually it has a blue tint and a watery taste. The analysis reveals a lack of nutrients: fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
To correct the situation, it is necessary to add the following products to the diet:
- With a lack of protein - eggs, cottage cheese, meat;
- When there is a deficit of fats - butter, cream, flour;
- With a shortage of carbohydrates - sugar syrup, confectionery.
Children can lose their mother's milk because ofIrregular nipples, which during pregnancy are not trying to fix it. Stretched, flat, infantile, split nipples can prevent natural feeding.
During pregnancy, they need to be stretched toAfter the milk came, they became convex, and the baby could easily adapt. Otherwise, you need to use special pads, and after feeding do a stretching massage, decant the remnants of the breast pump.
The so-called tight chest also preventsNormal lactation. In this case, there is a lot of milk, but after giving birth the child can not suck it. To facilitate the process, it is enough to express a little. But if this method is ineffective, the doctor prescribes massage and quartz irradiation.
Complications also arise ifDuring pregnancy, the woman did not cook her breasts, and after the appearance of the baby she fed him for a long time at first. In this case, inevitably appear cracked nipples.
They can cause severe pain, bleed. During feeding use an overlay or give an intact breast. After feeding, if there is a lot of milk left, it is decanted for the prevention of mastitis.
Cracks are processed:
- Tannin ointment (2%);
- A solution of silver nitrate (2-5%) or methyl blue (3%)
- Formyl alcohol (2%);
- Vitamin A;
- If the treatment did not help and the inflammation started, the nipples are treated with a synthomycin emulsion, Kalanchoe juice, plantain, a solution of furacilin (0.2%) or Shostakovskiy's balm;
- Perhaps the doctor will prescribe ultraviolet local irradiation.
If you have any problems with breastfeeding, you should immediately contact the pediatrician or gynecologist who will give you adequate treatment.