What is the reason the appearance of seizures in newborns? The main symptoms of the disease and treatments. How to help your child cope with cramps: professional advice
The child - a little island sunhappiness in the house. But with the advent of his house is filled with troubles and worries. One of the main things - feelings about the crumbs being. Thus, since the first days of life often enough cramps can occur in newborns. The most common cause of this condition is neurological disorder.
But in addition, it causes seizuresnewborns are other dangerous diseases. How to recognize the symptoms correctly, and that parents do in this situation - we describe in our article today.
Causes of seizures
Cramps - antispasmodic muscle contraction,which may occur in the upper and lower limbs, as well as in the neck and head and accompanied by a shiver. Usually, the cause of the seizures are neurological in nature, but often it is also the symptoms of more serious diseases that require close attention.
Statistics show that in preterm infantscramps occur on 20 percent more likely than babies born at term. The risk of developing epilepsy in the first four weeks of life is 1-3 percent.
Consider the main reasons for the development twitch:
- Meningitis, encephalitis;
- The defeat of the vessels of the brain;
- Ischemic Encephalopathy, or stroke - account for about 60 percent of cases;
- Violation of metabolism, which is expressed in hypocalcemia, or hypoglycemia.
The above reasons are the symptoms of neonatal seizures, which occur in 80 percent of cases.
Not all twitching or trembling in the limbsnewborns are convulsions. To classify twitching, you must be examined on an electroencephalograph (EEG). This device allows you to track changes in the activity of brain activity and determine the nature of the twitch.
cases where doctors are often foundinitially diagnosed with epilepsy and prescribed treatment with antiepileptic medications. But if there is no improvement, and muscle twitching persist, then it is necessary to go more in-depth examination and to consider as a preliminary diagnosis of damage to the cerebral cortex.
This may indicate and related symptoms, such as shortness of breath and loss of consciousness.
Seizures in newborns, first carefullyobserved in the intensive care unit, and after the doctor makes a diagnosis and assign the appropriate treatment. After all, the main task of the treating doctor in this situation is the correct identification of the causes of the convulsive state kid.
If the seizures are prolonged, then the basis of treatment are taken preparations of barbituric acid, or as they are called - "barbiturates". Due to their central nervous system relaxes muscle contractions reduce its intensity, and the child comes back to normal.
Depending on the seizure of power can be assigned a short, medium or long-term effects of drugs.
It is worth noting that the successful treatment of convulsivecuts should be comprehensive. Good results are obtained by maintaining a friendly family environment, nutrition toddler gymnastic treatments, relaxing massages and hardening using water treatments.
Over the next several years after successful treatment of seizures, the baby should always be seen by a neurologist and undergo an annual preventive check-ups and examinations.
Now that you know what may indicate spasms in newborns of different character from the first days of life.
If this happens to your baby, it is not necessaryimmediately panic, and without delay, seek the advice of a doctor, so as not to miss the development of serious diseases. Health to you and your children!