Acne in infants appear very often. They are physiological and pathological. Learn how to recognize what a rash in the newborn, and whether it should be treated
Strange as it may sound, but acneNewborns are not uncommon and not a catastrophe. They arise for a variety of reasons, some of them do not pose a threat to the health of the baby, others may indicate a disease.
How to determine when to worry, and when you need to calm down and just wait?
What are pimples in newborns?
Acne in infants are of several types, as will be discussed below.
Small white eels (milium) appear on the faceThe baby, especially on the nose, in the first weeks of his life due to the clogging of pores. Such pimples do not cause discomfort and pass independently in a few weeks, when the child completely formed sebaceous glands.
Yellowish-white pimples surrounded by redRing, are called toxic erythema. Most often they appear on the body, namely on the tummy of the baby in the first week of his life. They also disappear themselves in about two weeks. The cause of the appearance of such a rash in a newborn is the secretion of a large number of biologically active substances released during the destruction of cells that are involved in allergic reactions.
That is, it is a physiological rash thatIs due to the adaptation of the baby's body to new conditions of existence. Toxic erythema is a fairly common rash that appears on the body in approximately 20-50% of newborns on the 2nd to 4th day of their life.
Reddish rash, appearing firstOn too wet parts of the body: in the folds of the neck, groin, behind the ears, is called a sweating. Irritated red skin feels rough to the touch. Sometimes pustules can be formed.
If you run the chalk, the pimples canTo get over and face. There is a rash due to the fact that the child sweats strongly, for example, in hot weather or if it is dressed too warmly. To prevent the appearance of sweating, you should put the newborn in loose light clothing made of natural materials.
If the perspiration has already appeared, you can help the babyCope with it, washing his skin with cool water or a solution of soda (a glass of water to take a teaspoon of baking soda). It is necessary to carefully apply the cotton wool soaked in solution or water to the pimples, gently rinse and then dry, do not rub the skin of the baby, tk. She is very gentle. It is also recommended that baby diapers are less likely to be worn.
At about 3 weeks, the baby on his face canPop out a red fatty rash, like a teenager, on the cheeks while the skin becomes rough. Such acne appears because of the formation of the hormonal background and pass independently for one and a half months maximum.
Hormonal acne in newborns usuallyAppear on the face, and then pass to the back and neck, sometimes they can jump pimples with pustules, this is normal. The main thing is to not touch them and do not rub them to prevent infection.
Sometimes due to the high content of hormones inThe body of the newborn is produced in large quantities of sebum. It clogs the sebaceous glands, which leads to their inflammation and the formation of small nodules. Such pryshchiki parents call child's eels, and experts seborrheic dermatitis. In general, rashes and crusts appear on the forehead close to the hair, less often on the neck, ears, back, chest, cheeks.
There are also allergic acne. The cause of their appearance are allergens contained in breast milk or a mixture. Therefore, Mom needs to closely monitor what she eats. On artificial feeding, you should carefully choose the mixture.
In addition, the appearance of allergic red pimples on the body in a newborn can be associated with a reaction to external stimuli, for example, washing powder, flowering plants, etc.
Pimples can also be caused by differentDiseases, for example, dysbacteriosis, chickenpox, measles. Usually, in such cases, they are accompanied by other symptoms. With a dysbacteriosis in a newborn sore tummy because of colic, he shows concern, his chair is broken. In any case, if the causes of the rash are not clear, you should consult a doctor.
Prevention and treatment of acne in a baby
White pimples in a newborn, as a rule,Are physiological and do not need treatment. They pass by themselves, in some cases the doctor can prescribe an ointment. Allergic rashes also disappear on their own, when the allergen is removed. If you have acne on the body of a baby, you should reconsider his diet.
When breastfeeding, mother needs to carefully select foods, should be deleted:
- Smoked and spicy foods;
- Red products, for example, strawberries, beets, tomatoes.
When artificial feeding should closely monitor the reaction of the newborn after eating, if the rash occurs during the day, it is recommended to change the mixture.
It is also necessary to carefully study the washingRemedies that come in contact with the baby's skin while bathing. They should be hypoallergenic, suitable for sensitive skin. If the rash has appeared on the cheeks, chin or forehead, you should gently wipe these problem areas with water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
It is recommended to wash the child at least twice inday. If you rub hard, you can damage the acne on the cheeks of the newborn, they will get dirt and germs, they will become inflamed and can spread further.
If the rash has spread all over the body, the babyYou need to bathe in a weak solution of manganese or add to the water a decoction of chamomile or alternating. They dry the pimples well. The kid should take air baths more often. If the rash is localized in the groin area, it is recommended that you stop wearing the diaper or at least dress it as rarely as possible.
It is very important not to squeeze pimples on the faceNewborn. You can not treat the rashes with powder, alcohol solutions, antibiotics, hormonal ointments, antihistamines, sour-milk bacteria. If the pimples on the cheeks do not go on too long, even in spite of all the measures taken, and also spread, one should consult a dermatologist.
With any fears and doubts, it is best not to engage in self-medication, but to consult a doctor.