After birth, the female body undergoes a period of recovery, which is accompanied by uterine secretions - lochia. Lochia after childbirth
Have you recently become a mother? So, in your body there are some processes that were not before pregnancy. First of all, many women are concerned about the abundant discharge from the genital tract, which in gynecology is known as "Lochia". Their appearance is associated with the need to restore the endometrium - the mucous membrane of the uterus. What are the lochia and are they cause for concern?
What is the Lochia
When carrying a child, the placenta reliablyAttached to the wall of the uterus. This is due to the common blood vessels connecting the placenta and uterus, because in this way the embryo is provided with air and the necessary nutrients. After birth, the placenta is separated from the uterus, and the vessels connecting them remain open.
That's why right after the birth of a childUterine discharge in women is very abundant, they gradually decrease, but this process can be observed from several weeks to 1.5 months. After this time the uterus contracts, the vessels are squeezed and bleeding stops.
Lohia is a secret consisting of blood cells,Such as erythrocytes, white blood cells, platelets, as well as plasma, dying epithelium, lining the uterus, and mucus of the cervical canal. After a while, the composition of lousy changes. As a result, they change their color: in the early days they are brighter, then they acquire a reddish-brownish tinge.
Duration of postpartum excreta
How many lochia are after childbirth is determined by the characteristics of the female body. Experts argue that the duration of postpartum discharge depends also on the course of pregnancy.
If a woman did not have gynecologicalDiseases before pregnancy, and the process of bearing a child proceeded without complications, lochia after childbirth passes, as a rule, in a month and a half. In case you have a uterine discharge stopped earlier or go longer than permissible, you should consult a gynecologist.
The duration of lousy depends on the processesContraction of uterine muscles. During the contraction of the muscles, the uterus blocks the lumen of the bleeding vessels, so that their healing takes place faster, and the loser becomes smaller.
To stimulate uterine contraction, you can follow these recommendations:
- Regularly breastfeed the baby;
- In time, empty the bladder immediately after filling it;
- More often lie on your stomach;
- During the day, several times apply to the stomach cold: it helps to reduce the muscles of the uterus, narrowing the vessels and reducing the number of lochia.
Change of bright red color loy for brownIt should not frighten you, because the old blood gets just such a dark shade. Approximately on day 30 the lochia become yellowish. Postpartum discharge should not have an unpleasant odor, otherwise such a sign will indicate the maternal leak in the body of some complications.
Lochia after childbirth: what is the norm
If you know what the rules are for losers, andWhich indicates a pathology, it is possible to avoid complications arising in the postpartum period. Isolation of a bright color with an admixture of mucus and blood clots is quite normal. Every day the nature of bleeding should change: the color will become more light, and the discharge - shallow.
After a long rest,Intensify, also the uterus begins to contract severely when the baby is breastfed. Immediately after birth in the abdomen, you can feel pain, which is considered a natural process. Pain indicates contraction of the uterus.
When there is cause for concern
Not all women recover correctly, sometimes complications occur. You should know in what situations you should seek help from a gynecologist.
To sound an alarm it is necessary in such cases:
- The number of precipitates increased sharply and they became more vivid. This may indicate the remains of the fetal egg in the uterus;
- Allocations have a purulent appearance and an unpleasant odor;
- The lochia stopped abruptly. If they do not go at all, it can lead to stagnation in the uterus, which is fraught with the development of inflammatory processes;
- If you find that the uterine secretions are white and curdled, this sign indicates the penetration of the Candida fungus;
- Allocations have a greenish tinge, indicating a bacterial infection;
- Lohia do not stop 8 weeks after birth.
Every woman should know how many lochiaAfter childbirth, after all so she can independently conduct supervision over the organism and in time will notice any deviations from norm. Compliance with the recommendations of obstetrician-gynecologists will help to avoid postpartum complications, which in any case have a bad effect on women's health.
The most common complication after childbirth,Lochiometry is a disorder caused by a disturbance in the allocation of lochia. The pathology is caused by poor contraction of the uterus after childbirth, as a consequence of which the lochia remain inside. This complication is manifested by early reduction or complete cessation of secretions from the genital tract. The pathological process is usually accompanied by fever, pain and heaviness in the abdomen.
Determine the occurrence of this complication can beOnly with the help of vaginal research and ultrasound. Treatment of lochiometrics after delivery requires the use of antibiotics, antispasmodics and drugs that cause contraction of the uterine muscles. In some cases, instrumental scraping of the uterus may be necessary.
Observe personal hygiene
In the postpartum period, it is important for women's health to adhere to the rules of personal hygiene. In principle, we should never forget about them!
Since after the birth of the child all the birth canals are still open, infection can easily penetrate them, for this reason, care should be particularly careful:
- Often change the sanitary napkins - every 3 hours;
- In the early days it is better to use not gaskets, but special diapers or napkins made of ordinary cotton fabric;
- Several times a day, wash the genitals with water in the front-back direction to exclude the infection;
- In this period it is strictly forbidden to use hygienic tampons, because they irritate and so damaged the mucous membrane of the vagina and close the way out for lochy;
- Do not do intravaginal douches;
- Take a bath before the full restoration of the genitals is not recommended, use a shower.
After the termination of uterine discharge, you should visit the gynecologist's office for an examination so that the doctor assesses the condition of the genital tract and internal organs.
Restoring the menstrual cycle
When the question is, when menstrual recovery is restoredCycle, gynecologists can not give an unambiguous answer, because this process depends on many factors. First of all, it is determined by the individual characteristics of your body. Soon after childbirth, the woman begins to develop prolactin - a hormone that stimulates the formation of milk. Prolactin suppresses the function of the ovaries, and, therefore, prevents ovulation.
If you adhere to the naturalFeeding, the menstrual cycle can recover in six months or even a year. It depends on how much you will breastfeed your baby. It should be noted that in some women menstruation can go on the next month after the end of lousy, while others it appears only after the cessation of lactation.
A normal occurrence is the periodic appearance of menstruation. If the mother feeds the baby with infant formulas, then Recovery of an organism after birth Will pass much faster.
Pregnancy and childbirth are the most pleasant periods inLife of every woman. So that you do not have to worry about some processes in your own body after childbirth, familiarize yourself with the features of the postpartum period.