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Helping your child to learn the multiplication table


How to learn the multiplication table - a question often occurs in children younger students. Here are some simple ways

Sooner or later, every child is preschoolThe age grows, and, having occupied a school bench, he has to cope with such a difficult task as learning the multiplication table. In order for him to do this as soon as possible, his parents should help him.

Methods to help memorize

Helping your child to learn the multiplication tableToday, in the Internet network, there are a large number of methods with which the student learns the Pythagorean table very quickly.

It can be:

  • games;
  • poems;
  • programs;
  • Cards;
  • songs;
  • Video and audio.

Thanks to this variety of methods, one can findAn individual approach to each student, choosing the most effective technique. Let's look at the basic techniques and methods for studying Pythagoras tablets, among which you can choose the most suitable and effective way for your child.

When acquainting with the Pythagorean table, it is necessary to explain to the child that the number from the left column should be multiplied by the number from the upper line, and at their intersection it is necessary to search for the answer.

First of all, it is very important to make it clear howArranged a tablet and the essence of its actions. Beginning to study the tablet children, as a rule, already have an idea of ​​elementary arithmetic operations, such as addition and subtraction. It is thanks to this basis that the student can easily explain the principle of the multiplication table and learn it.

For example, in order to multiply 2 by 3, the number 2 must be added three times. If the student understands this simple principle, then he will be able to avoid difficulties and misunderstandings in the future.

The study of the table of Pythagoras in the form of a game

The game is an easy way to learn not onlyMultiplication tables. All the actions that are performed in the game form are remembered much better. If the child has an interest in studying it, you can be sure that half the job is done.

One of the most famous games with a signIs considered a game of cards. The essence of this game is that the student randomly pulls the card out of the general stack and sees on it an example of a work without an answer. If he can give the right answer, then the card is out of the game. And if the answer is not found, then the card again returns to the general pile, and can be stretched again.

The game can continue until all the cards are over, that is until they give the right answers to all the questions. This game is still called "training apparatus". Begin to play it in stages, depending on the material learned. Starting with a tablet on "2", Gradually adding new examples.

From simple to complex

Helping your child to learn the multiplication table

In order for the child to easily learn new material, it is necessary to start with the simplest, giving examples from the table, which he can very easily solve.

Multiplication by "1" as a result always gives the sameThe very number that must be multiplied. For example: 1 * 1 = 1, 2 * 1 = 2 and so on. Similarly, at 10 - this is the same number, only to it you still need to assign zero. For example: 1 * 10 = 10 and 2 * 10 = 20. When the child learns this, he will need to explain that now he knows all the extreme columns and rows in the table.

If the explanation of this material took a lot of time, and the student is tired, then you need to let him rest and transfer the remaining study of the Pythagoras tablet the next time.

The multiplication table by "2"It's usually easy to learn, since it's normalAddition of two numbers. If you have started to study the Pythagoras tablet, then most likely the child can already pretty well add small values ​​and this will not cause him problems.

Studying the Pythagoras table one must also considerTo assimilate such a simple law as a change of multipliers. It says that even when the multipliers are rearranged, the product remains the same. That is, learning the multiplication table is easier if you know that 2 * 3 is the same as 3 * 2.

The second line and the second column contain the same onesThe same numbers as the third row in the third column. Accordingly, after mastering the product of 2-x by any number, the multiplication of the remaining numbers by 2 will also be known. As a result, the problem becomes even simpler!

Multiplication table in verse

Effective way of mastering the plate isApplication of the poetic form. When difficulties arise when memorizing a child, poems are an interesting way. Perhaps the words in rhyme will be much easier to remember than just numbers.

Today you can see a lot of poems with the Pythagorean table, with examples of multiplication 7 * 8, which very often cause difficulties.

Multiplication table on the fingers

There are some examples on the plate that are simplyCount using your fingers. This relates not only to the simplest works, but also to the complex work of "9". To do this, put your hands next to each other, and straighten your fingers.

After this, in order to obtain the product of any number by "9"You just need to bend your finger, at the number of this number, starting the countdown to the left. The number of fingers before the bent number is dozens of answers, and after - one.

Purposeful memorization

After mastering simple examples, you can proceedTo the study of more complex factors. It is important to use the elements of the game and other useful methods of memorizing as an association, splitting into parts, testing tasks and using examples in practice.

Some of them need to be learned and repeatedlyRepeat, so that the student can then easily list all the meanings. No need to hurry! It is better to move from one digit to another, and not try to learn everything in a jiffy. It is better to start with multiplication by 2, 3 and 4, gradually moving to the subsequent numbers.

Some teachers have been practicing it since "9", That is, with more complex examples, gradually shifting to simpler ones. But it is better not to do this so that the child does not experience stress from a lack of understanding of how these figures turned out.

For example, if the value of 3 * 3 is multiplied, the student inTo check oneself on the fingers and find the right answer, and if to him to offer an example of a work 9 * 9 and say that the answer is simply to remember, he can not use the received knowledge in practice, which can adversely affect subsequent memorization and his motivation.

The first difficulties can arise when studyingTables on "3". In this case, when there are difficulties with memorization, it is best to use cards. If the child has a humanitarian mindset, then you can use the verses to memorize the tablet.

To study the work on "4"You can also use cards and poems. As a clue, you need to make it clear to the student that multiplying by "4"Is the same as multiplying by" 2 "and again by" 2 ". These arithmetic patterns are also useful to know for the development of an oral account.

Helping your child to learn the multiplication tableThe table for "5" is given, as a rule, simply. The child very quickly learns that all values ​​are in 5 units from each other and ends at 5 or 0. So the Pythagorean table for 6, 7, 8 and 9 is also studied simply, after mastering the previous values. In order to visually it looked more simply values, already mastered by this moment are highlighted in green.

Case Studies

To learn any mathematical work is easier,If we translate it into a practical example. For example, how many wheels for 5 cars. Since each car has 4 wheels, it means that 5 must be multiplied by 4. As a result, it turns out 20. Or, how many rubber bands are needed to braid two pigtails in two dolls. 2 * 2 = 4.

That's all! Now you know how to learn the multiplication table with a child easily and quickly. Apply them in practice, and your child will quickly and easily learn the multiplication tablet!

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