What are the causes of high temperature in children. Means that help reduce the temperature. Basic drugs prescribed by doctors
The increase in temperature in a newborn isAn alarming symptom. When a child is already more adult, then parents, as a rule, already know what to do. But when the high indicators on the thermometer of a tiny baby, panic begins.
The reaction of the parents is completely justified. An immature organism is very susceptible to viruses and infections, besides to such small children it is impossible to give any preparations for decrease in temperature.
Only a doctor can prescribe a febrifuge forNewborns. You can not self-medicate and follow the advice of those who already have children. Each organism is individual and what helped one can harm others.
Causes of high temperature
Most often, the increase is due to ARI or ARVI and hasProtective character. In this case, the body begins to produce antibodies to pathogens, so the temperature rises, and microbes die from it. So maybe you should not rush and give the body the ability to independently fight the infection.
It is necessary to provide the baby with suitable conditions, so that he feels comfortable, for example, to drink a lot, not to overheat, to air a room, to wipe the baby with a damp cloth.
Means for lowering the temperature
When you can not do without such a drug, you need to consider that all the tools of this kind are not completely safe:
- Any of them can cause complications. Each remedy has its own contraindications;
- At the heart of any means to reduce temperature(Suppositories, syrups, suspensions, tablets) is paracetamol. But its use is justified only in the case when the thermometer is above 38-39 degrees;
- It is recommended to give newborns or syrup, orSuspension, because their body is faster in perceiving the drug in this form. Very effective antipyretic candles especially for newborns. They eliminate the symptom for about 4-5 hours;
- Any remedy should be used, observing safety precautions, for example, not very often and only in cases where the temperature is above 38-38.3 °;
- The optimal dose for babies is 2 times a day;
- It is not recommended to combine antipyretic with antibacterial drugs.
How to lower the temperature of a child?
When a baby has non-infectious fever, thenIt is usually recommended to change the nursing regimen, adjust feeding, drinking regimen, etc. Sometimes it is necessary to conduct additional diagnostics to determine the cause of such a condition.
In the case of infectious fever, treatmentIs directed to the suppression of viruses and bacteria. The doctor may prescribe interferon or drugs that enhance his production in the body. Diseases caused by antibiotics are treated with antibiotics. But in children, up to 1 month old, the question of taking antipyretics (antipyretic drugs) is decided only by the attending physician.
The main drugs that are todayUses medicine, are Ibuprofen and Paracetamol. These funds are well studied, effective, safe, but are only allowed to use at 6 months of age. The question of the use of smaller children is again decided by the attending physician. These drugs are available in the form of syrups, suspensions and rectal suppositories.
Dosage (daily and single) is calculatedBased on the real weight of the child. Exceeding the dose can have serious consequences, lead to side effects and toxic reactions, for example, paracetamol taken over the normal range, affects the kidneys and liver.
Often after vaccination, give a single dose of any remedy to bring down the side reaction of the body - temperature. It happens that such manipulation is enough.
Previously popular aspirin(Acetylsalicylic acid), but after his detailed study, a connection was established between him and the development of Ray's syndrome-a severe lesion of the liver and brain. Currently, this tool is recommended to take children no younger than 15 years.
Analgin (metamizole) is prohibited for use inMany countries. In young children, it causes severe adverse reactions, for example, hematopoiesis, anaphylactic shock, immune damage to the kidneys, liver and lungs. It can only be used after 18 years. But ambulance doctors successfully apply it to babies if necessary.
Never take amidopyrine and phenacetin. These funds have long been banned due to very severe toxic reactions.
The effect of a drug can be assessedAlready in 30-40 minutes after administration. They usually bring down the temperature by 0.5-1.5 °, but the effectiveness largely depends on the individual characteristics of the organism.
Very often the temperature is a side effectEffect of vaccination. Therefore, antipyretics for newborns are often used after inoculation. Since the fever is very often encountered after such manipulations, it is necessary to ask the doctor in advance about the activities that need to be performed if the thermometer's indicators go up.
In any case, it is desirable to immediately turn toDoctor, especially when it comes to newborn babies. Do not wait three days and use antipyretics, even if they were once recommended by a doctor.
Perhaps this symptom is a sign of a serious illness or pathology, so you need to seek medical help as quickly as possible.