How to identify an allergy in infants? The causes of allergies. Diathesis in infants and bottle-. Diet for breastfeeding mothers. Than to treat allergy in infants?
Many parents, faced with smallRed spots that appear on the child's face, immediately begin to panic. Accustomed to suspect the worst, young mothers study on the Internet, what allergies look like in newborns, and they endure their own diagnosis to the baby. If the parents are not mistaken, and the child really has diathesis, then the treatment is best spent in the first year of the baby's life.
So take your time not to make mistakes,For which the child will have to pay for many years. And of course, the first thing you need to do to your mother is to seek professional medical help.
An allergy or not?
But not always an allergy on the face of a newborn is diathesis. Many false alarms cause such a phenomenon as "Miles of newborns". It occurs in almost all children at the age of three weeks and presents small red spots, very similar to diathesis, which occur on the face and upper body of the baby.
The reason is hormones. The fact is that the mother's hormones, which until this moment served the baby, are gradually withdrawn, and the own endocrine system of the newborn enters the case. And while the child's body adapts to the changed hormonal background, it also sprinkles. Such a rash does not need special treatment and disappears itself in a period of up to 21 days. That is why it is also called "A rash of three weeks".
In the case of a baby "Miles", Mom's nutrition does not need to change. In no case can these pimples be squeezed or rubbed with cotton wool. Any mechanical impact can, on the contrary, lead to damage to the infant's skin and infection in it.
But the manifestation of allergies of newborns aloneRashes is not limited. Therefore, if you are concerned that your baby may be sick, then you need to know how allergies manifest in newborns.
In addition to diathesis spots, it can be the following symptoms:
- Roughness and peeling of the skin;
- Dry skin;
- A chair of green color;
- Intestinal colic;
- runny nose;
- Sneezing or coughing.
Causes of allergies in newborns
The main cause of diathesis is believed to beMom's failure to follow a diet. Studies conducted in this field have shown that this is far from the case. Conversely, infants are less likely to have allergies than those who are breastfed.
Much more on allergies are influenced by such factors as the overall microclimate of the apartment.
Factors causing diathesis:
- Children's caring means;
- Vaccination, medicines;
- Rinse for linen and washing powders - wash your baby's underwear with special baby powders;
- Air fresheners, as well as cosmetics and perfumes, which are used by relatives of the baby, etc.
Thoracic or artificial?
Sometimes mom discovers that the baby is reactingIt's bad for what actually should give him life and strength - breast milk. Unfortunately, it often happens that the next mother's thought is to transfer the child to an artificial mixture. In fact, there is no such allergy in newborns, as a reaction to breast milk.
The kid can react negatively to it, butOnly because it gets a foreign protein for his body. And if instead of revealing the allergen, the mother takes the baby to artificial feeding, then it only brings harm to the baby.
After all, the infant formula is made on the basis of cow's milk, which contains about twenty potential allergens. Therefore, this can only make the child worse.
As for children, who are already artificers for a number of reasons, parents have to experiment for a long time with the brands of mixtures until they find something that does not cause diathesis in the child.
Mother's milk is the best prevention of allergies. In addition, it promotes the immune protection of the baby, whose own immunity begins to be produced only by the age of six months. So if you find that the baby reacts badly to breast milk, do better with your diet, but do not transfer the baby to the mixture.
Diet of nursing mother
Negative reaction to what my mother ateSomething harmful to the child, sometimes occurs within half an hour, but mostly comes with a time interval of four hours to a day. After all, before the diathesis is manifested, a significant amount of the allergen should accumulate in the blood of the baby.
Therefore, the situation is basically thatMom for a long time takes in food products with an allergen, without consequences for the baby. And then for a couple of hours the level of the allergen in the child in the blood goes off scale, and the skin shows severe neurodermatitis. Then the improvement will not be quick.
It will take at least five days before the child's skin is leveled, and until complete disappearance and may need up to two weeks.
The main products that cause diathesis:
- Cow's milk. He is often drunk to increase lactation or use as a source of calcium for the newborn. But lactation increases any warm abundant drink, and calcium is found in foods such as cabbage, liver, canned fish, almonds;
- Diathesis is often caused by nutritional supplements, such as dyes or preservatives. It happens, the reaction children give to iron preparations, herbal infusions, vitamins;
- Red and orange vegetables and fruits are known allergens;
- Gluten, which is found in some cereals, can also cause an allergic reaction in the newborn.
To reveal which product is an allergen, the mother needs to maintain a food diary, where she will write down her menu, changes in it, and the reaction of the baby.
With a quick reaction, the product is removed from the diet of the mother for an estimated period of up to a month and a half. If the reaction is slow, then you can try the product in a month.
Products on which the allergic reaction is almost never advocated is:
- From meat - horse, dietary rabbit, mutton;
- Of cereals - millet, rice groats, buckwheat, corn, pearl barley;
- From vegetables and fruits - greens, avocados, kiwis, zucchini, cucumbers, apples and pears without peel, lettuce leaf;
- From sweet - pastila and light marmalade.
What it is necessary to treat allergies in newborns?
First of all - you need to treat it in a complex way. As already mentioned above, if the baby is breastfed, then the mother should begin to follow the diet. If the allergen is found and their diet of the kid is already taken out, then the treatment is directed along two paths: removing local irritation from the skin and taking medications.
Relieve irritation with the help of trays withThe addition of a sequence. Unpleasant sensations also well remove zinc or ichthyol ointment. It is possible to prescribe non-steroid ointments, especially cautiously doctors use hormonal agents or ointments containing antibiotics.
Usually diathesis accompanies intestinal frustration. Therefore, the child's organism is cleaned with sorbents, they remove harmful substances. Still prescribe lactobacilli, which colonize the intestine with a favorable microflora. Along with this for babies prescribe a medicine for allergies in the form of drops.
In the treatment of allergic reactions inNewborns, in the part that deals with medicines, never use the drops or ointments that were prescribed and helped the children of your acquaintances. First of all, the doctor should prescribe drops, as well as other medicine. Remember that self-medication is dangerous in adulthood, but what about newborns.
Sometimes medications do not work right away, because the allergen could accumulate for quite a long time, so only patience, faith in the best and, of course, systematic treatment will help you. Be healthy!